American English Pronunciation

JOIN THE THOUSANDS who have already experienced amazing results from Pronunciation Workshop American Accent Training!
We know this because We are told EVERYDAY how our accent course has changed the lives of our clients who made the choice to order the #1 American Accent English Pronunciation Video Course available.

We are confident that you will receive:
* Rapid and Significant results
* Easy to follow – Easy to learn
* Clinically proven techniques
* Engaging and interactive instruction
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* Affordable and valuable American Accent training
* Unique pronunciation and accent coaching AT ITS BEST!

Size : 472 MB
Download Links-1

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Pronunciation_Workshop6
You will be amazed by how quickly you improve your American English pronunciation with our proven American Accent Video Training method available on DVD or by Digital Download. You’ll get amazing results while learning at your own pace.

Our remarkable American English Pronunciation Course will teach you things you will never learn in an English class. This interactive video is like receiving personalized instruction from your very own Speech Coach. It is the fastest and easiest approach to significantly improving your Spoken English Pronunciation and American Accent.

Download Link-1
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The Complete Training Manual

The Complete Training Manual
http://www.megaupload.com/?d=JV1LCRBC

The 800 Most Commonly Used Idioms in America

The 800 Most Commonly Used Idioms in America
http://www.megaupload.com/?d=CJ2DHGDJ
http://rapidshare.com/files/250659964/ThankYou.rar

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Posted in >9 Materials Reviews | Tagged | 2 Comments

Pronunciation Lessons

English Pronunciation Lessons with JenniferESL (42 Video Files)


Jennifer is a very talented teacher. I really like watching her video lessons and her soft spoken female voice makes me totally understand English rather than listening to other tongue twisted native English speakers.

The English Pronunciation Lessons with JenniferESL feature topics:
• unvoiced “th”
• voiced “th”
• Rhythm through Rhymes
• /l/ in the initial position
• /l/ in the middle position
• /l/ in the final position
• “R” as a vowel sound
• “R” as a consonant sound
• “R” and “L”
• Word Stress
• Thought Groups
• Stress in phrases and sentences
• Advanced Stress Patterns
• Falling and Rising Intonation
• CAN’T and CAN
– Part One focuses on the pronunciation of the contraction CAN’T. An explanation and exercises are provided. Level: Intermediate to advanced.
– Part Two focuses on the pronunciation of CAN. An explanation and exercises are provided. Level: Intermediate to advanced.
• Omission of /t/ in spoken American English
• Pronunciation of T in American English
– The “true” T
– The flap T (or tap)

Download Links:

English_Pronunciation_Lessons_VDO.part1.rar
English_Pronunciation_Lessons_VDO.part2.rar
English_Pronunciation_Lessons_VDO.part3.rar
English_Pronunciation_Lessons_VDO.part4.rar
Bonus
English_Pronunication_VDO_Bonus.rar

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Colloquial English: a complete English language course

Real American/Frankly Speaking (eBook+Audiobook)

Big Talk a Lot Spoken English Course Book 1 and 2 (Printable)

Posted in >9 Materials Reviews | Tagged | Leave a comment

Effortless English(3)

Effortless English Program 4 DVD [Audio,video,book]

Author: A. J. Hoge

Effortless English uses the best research in the world, from top experts such as: Dr. StephenKrashen, Dr. James Asher, Dr. J. Marvin Brown, Dr. Ashley Hastings, Dr. Brenda Murphy,David Long and Blaine Ray. The research is clear– students who use Effortless English are better speakers than students who use textbooks, grammar, and self-study only. In every country, in every possible situation, students who learn with Effortless English methods always win against students who use old methods.

The course give you
* The incredible Way to Learn Vocabulary and Grammar Without Study– Listen & Answer Mini-Stories. These lessons are simple and amazing. You learn grammar and vocabulary without study or memorizing.

* The Deep Learning method that helps members use English automatically. No more translating. No more thinking. The words just come out.

* The way to learn English in a relaxing way by listening to real English articles about interesting topics.

* The way to avoid grammar study and instead learn grammar like children– naturally.

* How my best students learn, how they study,– and how you can learn English faster.

* How to raise your iBT TOEFL speaking and listening scores 20%, 30%, or even 40%.

* Lessons that help you learn English 4X faster.

VOl1 -Grammar for Beginer-Beginer Level English Lessons Grammar is not the key to speaking English easily, and fast. The best English learners are children, of course. Why? Because they don’t study grammar and they don’t learn from textbooks. They use the Effortless English Rules. This “Effortless� method is very powerful.

Very, very powerful!

When you use the Effortless Method, you learn excellent pronunciation. You learn vocabulary quickly and easily. You understand grammar automatically – without memorizing it. You don’t translate when you listen or speak. You speak English fast, and easily. You feel strong and relaxed when you speak English.

When you use Effortless English lessons, you become a member of a community. You use the Effortless English lessons, you write to other members, you make friends all over the world,and you learn to speak English easily.

Here’s what the program gives you:
* The incredible Way to Learn Vocabulary and Grammar Without Study- Listen & Answer Mini -Stories. These lessons are simple and amazing. You learn grammar and vocabulary without study or memorizing.

* The Deep Learning method that helps members use English automatically. No more translating. No more thinking. The words just come out.

* The way to learn English in a relaxing way by listening to real English articles about interesting topics.

* The way to avoid grammar study and instead learn grammar like children – naturally.

* How my best students learn, how they study, – and how you can learn English faster.

* How to raise your iBT TOEFL speaking and listening scores 20%, 30%, or even 40%.

* Lessons that help you learn English 4X faster.

* How to meet other English speakers and talk with them.

When you download the mp3 lessons, you would get everything you need to speak English easily and fast:

Vocabulary Lessons
These are listening lessons, not reading lessons. You learn new vocabulary by listening to me discuss new phrases. You do not study lists in a textbook. You learn phrases by listening. You download these lessons and put them on your computer or iPod. You listen to them anywhere.

Listen & Answer Mini-Stories
Next, I use the powerful Listen & Answer method to teach you English automatically. You do not read the story, you listen to it many times and answer questions. This is the most powerful

English lesson you will ever have. You learn vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation in a completely natural way. You answer questions fast– and automatically.

Point of View Story Lessons Point of View lessons are next, and they are amazing. I teach you English grammar, but you do not study grammar rules. You learn English grammar naturally, like a native speaker. You don’t study grammar rules– you learn grammar naturally, like a child.

Audio Articles
Next are real audio articles. These are real English articles about interesting topics. No text-books, and no textbook English. You improve your listening, vocabulary, and speaking by listening to these articles. It is automatic.

VOl2 -Flow English – Intermediate Level English Lessons
Flow English Lessons are the perfect addition to the Effortless English Lessons. Flow English Lessons focus mostly on deep learning of the past tense and the most common idioms. Flow English Lessons are also perfect for intermediate level learners who want to speak English faster, more easily, and more quickly.

Together, Flow English and Effortless English Lessons give you the perfect combination. You learn the most common idioms deeply. You learn the past tense deeply. You speak even faster. Flow English gives you the most common spoken English. Effortless English builds more– giving you more advanced speaking and listening. Of course, Flow English uses the same great system as Effortless English. You get the same great Vocabulary Lessons. You get the same great Text and Audio Stories. You get the same

great Listen & Respond Stories. You get the same great Commentaries.
Imagine yourself in a coffee shop, talking with an American. You are relaxed and smiling because you are communicating easily. The words come out quickly. You feel no stress, no doubt, no worry. You are a strong and respected English speaker. Your friends are surprised because you are speaking English so well. You can do it.

VOl3 -“Success” Business English Lessons-Advanced Level English Lessons
These are not normal, boring Business English Lessons. “Success” teaches you how to improve

your career, how to create a successful business, and how to make and save more money.
In these lessons you get:
* 8 complete lesson sets.
* The secrets to improving in your job or career
* The number one secret to success in business
* The “Effortless Success” audio-book, with text
* How to start your own small business
* How to market and grow your career or business

more info :http://www.effortlessenglishclub.com/

Vol4-Master Spoken English (Video course)
Designed as a self-teaching fluency-building phonics program, “Master Spoken English” provides comprehensive training via speech exercises and drills. Both fluent native speakers of English as well as those with basic English skills can watch this program to increase resonance,clarity, fluency, and expressiveness. The program provides a color-coded phonic system to aid viewers in the exercises. Word lists precede connected speech, with practice scenes (from actual movies) comprising the third and final level of training. The producers’ skill and attention to details such as lighting, composition, and camera work create a program that is useful, informative, and visually pleasing. This is a fine work. Recommended.

# Practical, Intensive Speech Training
# in relaxed settings, for anyone who wants more command of spoken English.
# Comprehensive Training in speech exercises and pronunciation drills.
# A Phonic System that therapeutically realizes vocal energy and explores the musical values of speech.
# Dozens of Practice Scenes from two feature films with all the text on screen color-coded to the phonic system.
# All Original Animation detailing lip and tongue articulation, and points of vibration.

All Original Music that amplifies the phonic properties of the course.
Lesson 1: Structural Action

Lesson 2: Neutral Vowels

Lesson 3: Consonant Action

Lesson 4: More Consonant Action

Lesson 5: Connected Speech

Lesson 6: Intonation & Rhythms

Lesson 7: Practice Scenes

Lesson 8: More Practice Scene

==================================================

DOWNLOAD: Effortless English Program 4 DVD [Audio,video,book] | 3204MB

Pass if need: www.vnfriends.vn

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Vol 4:
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Mirror: mediafire

1->10
http://www.mediafire.com/?zyjrskwmlyj
http://www.mediafire.com/?0lh2ibgtxw1

http://www.mediafire.com/?xblcxydjhym
http://www.mediafire.com/?i0a0zygg1ew

http://www.mediafire.com/?wmsjjaz2d1h
http://www.mediafire.com/?xyjx1fdc9bg
http://www.mediafire.com/?jlzygmhbdll
http://www.mediafire.com/?bwflg5jv1gv

http://www.mediafire.com/?i0lzilntwdj
http://www.mediafire.com/?a2h5lhcb4je

11->20
http://www.mediafire.com/?d2llug1sdx0

http://www.mediafire.com/?9zbl492e1mw
http://www.mediafire.com/?1o23bsv21sx
http://www.mediafire.com/?jgm1dvuf9xf

http://www.mediafire.com/?z0blllq3gjn
http://www.mediafire.com/?jgyze9m2×1b

http://www.mediafire.com/?l8llmb8gmxs
http://www.mediafire.com/?3amibzad1xx

http://www.mediafire.com/?1bdzldibmtj
http://www.mediafire.com/?imjdzbgojz3

21->30
http://www.mediafire.com/?slgj0fjlemc
http://www.mediafire.com/?dzxd0ztsjlh
http://www.mediafire.com/?tdvdlsgh0mg
http://www.mediafire.com/?1dizrlhzkwd

http://www.mediafire.com/?01zx1vc0ziw
http://www.mediafire.com/?neqzedjdw5d
http://www.mediafire.com/?l03yatg3sle
http://www.mediafire.com/?md0egwagdsm
http://www.mediafire.com/?oxjihufxxo5

http://www.mediafire.com/?gubewbxgbuz

31->41
http://www.mediafire.com/?xyzng3w9ar3
http://www.mediafire.com/?mwzbdm1ztsf
http://www.mediafire.com/?v29cbgwyjsy
http://www.mediafire.com/?d0mawnk23lm
http://www.mediafire.com/?caivzvwdwvu
http://www.mediafire.com/?xezei0d3ngz
http://www.mediafire.com/?xnzvyxbdyzx
http://www.mediafire.com/?1xn9dj4ei9b
http://www.mediafire.com/?dyns1b02dwd
http://www.mediafire.com/?mxv0aeuebz2
http://www.mediafire.com/?ayttcjoxsgn

Vol 4
http://www.fileflyer.com/view/Sp0qbBK
http://www.mediafire.com/?kbstvel9vgz
http://www.fileflyer.com/view/kkGwdA7
http://www.mediafire.com/?fbzyybebnmi
http://www.mediafire.com/?d0hm1amyeh5
http://www.mediafire.com/?csfx0a2ylav
http://www.mediafire.com/?vl2sxzvezed
http://www.fileflyer.com/view/cVuREAI

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Posted in >9 Materials Reviews | Tagged | Leave a comment

Effortless English(2)

There are five English courses of “Effortless English” in (mp3&pdf files).

1) Learn The 7 Rules For Excellent English
How you learn 4-5 times faster.
How you learn quickly, easily, and automatically– like a native speaker.
How you learn correct English grammar, without studying grammar rules.
RULE 1: Study Phrases, Not Individual Words
RULE 2: Don’t Study Grammar
RULE 3: The Most Important Rule- Listen First
RULE 4: Slow, Deep Learning Is Best
RULE 5: Use Point Of View Mini-Stories
RULE 6: Only Use Real English Lessons & Materials
RULE 7: Listen and Answer, not Listen and Repeat

Download Code:
> http://rapidshare.com/files/238259202/By.Ayman.2En.L0.rar
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2) Flow English (Intermediate Level Lessons)
Flow English Lessons focus mostly on deep learning of the past tense and the most common idioms. Flow English Lessons are also perfect for intermediate level learners who want to speak English faster, more easily, and more quickly

Download Code:
http://rapidshare.com/files/238184422/By.Ayman.2En.L1.FE.part1.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238184419/By.Ayman.2En.L1.FE.part2.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238184415/By.Ayman.2En.L1.FE.part3.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238184416/By.Ayman.2En.L1.FE.part4.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238184417/By.Ayman.2En.L1.FE.part5.rar

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3) Success Business Lessons
8 complete lesson sets.
* The secrets to improving in your job or career
* The number one secret to success in business
* The “Effortless Success” audio-book, with text
* How to start your own small business
* How to market and grow your career or business

Download Code:
http://rapidshare.com/files/238256306/By.Ayman.2EN.L2.SBE.part1.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238256296/By.Ayman.2EN.L2.SBE.part2.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238256289/By.Ayman.2EN.L2.SBE.part3.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238256290/By.Ayman.2EN.L2.SBE.part4.rar

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4) New method learning English
Effortless English uses the best research in the world, from top experts such as: Dr. Stephen Krashen, Dr. James Asher, Dr. J. Marvin Brown, Dr. Ashley Hastings, Dr. Brenda Murphy, David Long and Blaine Ray. The research is clear– students who use Effortless English are better speakers than students who use textbooks, grammar, and self-study only. In every country, in every possible situation, students who learn with Effortless English methods always win against students who use old methods.
The course give you
* The incredible Way to Learn Vocabulary and Grammar Without Study– Listen & Answer Mini-Stories. These lessons are simple and amazing. You learn grammar and vocabulary without study or memorizing.
* The Deep Learning method that helps members use English automatically. No more translating. No more thinking. The words just come out.
* The way to learn English in a relaxing way by listening to real English articles about interesting topics.
* The way to avoid grammar study and instead learn grammar like children– naturally.
* How my best students learn, how they study,– and how you can learn English faster.
* How to raise your iBT TOEFL speaking and listening scores 20%, 30%, or even 40%.
* Lessons that help you learn English 4X faster.

Download Code:
http://rapidshare.com/files/238298884/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part1.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238298883/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part2.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238298885/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part3.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238298882/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part4.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238300781/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part5.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238305338/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part6.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238305342/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part7.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238298880/By.Ayman.2EN.L3.nmle.part8.rar

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5) Real English Conversation Pack

The Real English Conversation Pack builds on the Effortless English system.
In these lessons, you get the same great Effortless English system you love.
Each lesson set contains a real conversation between native speakers. No actors.
All lessons also include:
* Audio Recording of a Real English Conversation
* Audio Vocabulary Lessons
* Mini-Story Lessons
* Text Transcripts for EVERYTHING!
You learn
* The real, casual conversation that native English speakers use everyday with each other. This is not formal English. This is the real English that real people use.
* A huge number of common idioms – the slang you can’t find in a dictionary or textbook.
* Real conversations about real topics – the topics that real people talk about in their daily s.
And that’s not all! You’ll ALSO discover:
* How to automatically speak like a native speaker.
* How to never be confused by native speakers again.
* How to learn grammar effortlessly, without studying grammar rules.
* How to learn vocabulary 3-4 times faster, without memorizing.
* How to improve your TOEFL speaking score.
* How native speakers really pronounce words and phrases- it’s not like textbooks and it’s not like CNN

Download Code:

http://rapidshare.com/files/238462233/By.Ayman.lerc.part01.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238462236/By.Ayman.lerc.part02.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238462237/By.Ayman.lerc.part03.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238462238/By.Ayman.lerc.part04.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238462235/By.Ayman.lerc.part05.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238463479/By.Ayman.lerc.part06.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238463497/By.Ayman.lerc.part07.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238463514/By.Ayman.lerc.part08.rar
http://rapidshare.com/files/238463511/By.Ayman.lerc.part09.rar

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Posted in >9 Materials Reviews | Tagged | Leave a comment

Effortless English


Effortless English: New Method Learning English (eBook+Audio)

best English learners are children, of course. Why? Because they don’t study grammar and they don’t learn from textbooks. They use our rules and tips. This “Effortless” method is very powerful. Very, very powerful!

When you use the Effortless Method, you learn excellent pronunciation. You learn vocabulary quickly and easily. You understand grammar automatically — without memorizing it. You don’t translate when you listen or speak. You speak English fast, and easily. You feel strong and relaxed when you speak English.

What you learn when you get the lessons:

  • The incredible way you Learn Vocabulary and Grammar Without Study: Listen & Answer Mini-Stories. Learn English automatically, with absolutely no “study” or memorizing.
  • The Deep Learning method that helps you use English automatically. Remember English words and grammar forever – and use them automatically. Feel great about your speaking ability.
  • The way you learn English in a relaxing way by listening to real English articles about interesting topics. Imagine thinking, smiling, and laughing while learning.
  • The way you avoid grammar study and instead learn grammar like children – naturally. This is it, the main method of all my lessons.
  • How my best students learn, how they study,– and how you can learn English faster too. To be successful, copy the most successful people. Learn how you can study like the best.
  • How you raise your iBT TOEFL speaking and listening scores 20%, 30%, or even 40%. The new TOEFL test requires a lot of listening and speaking- be fantastic at both!
  • Lessons that help you learn English 3-5X faster – learn much faster, simply by changing your learning method.
  • How you meet other English speakers and talk with them. Meet other friendly English learners just like you.

Each Audio English Lesson Features:

• Vocabulary Lessons
• Listen & Answer Mini-Stories
• Point of View Story Lessons
• Audio Articles best English learners are children, of course. Why? Because they don’t study grammar and they don’t learn from textbooks. They use our rules and tips. This “Effortless” method is very powerful. Very, very powerful!

When you use the Effortless Method, you learn excellent pronunciation. You learn vocabulary quickly and easily. You understand grammar automatically — without memorizing it. You don’t translate when you listen or speak. You speak English fast, and easily. You feel strong and relaxed when you speak English.

What you learn when you get the lessons:

  • The incredible way you Learn Vocabulary and Grammar Without Study: Listen & Answer Mini-Stories. Learn English automatically, with absolutely no “study” or memorizing.
  • The Deep Learning method that helps you use English automatically. Remember English words and grammar forever – and use them automatically. Feel great about your speaking ability.
  • The way you learn English in a relaxing way by listening to real English articles about interesting topics. Imagine thinking, smiling, and laughing while learning.
  • The way you avoid grammar study and instead learn grammar like children – naturally. This is it, the main method of all my lessons.
  • How my best students learn, how they study,– and how you can learn English faster too. To be successful, copy the most successful people. Learn how you can study like the best.
  • How you raise your iBT TOEFL speaking and listening scores 20%, 30%, or even 40%. The new TOEFL test requires a lot of listening and speaking- be fantastic at both!
  • Lessons that help you learn English 3-5X faster – learn much faster, simply by changing your learning method.
  • How you meet other English speakers and talk with them. Meet other friendly English learners just like you.

Each Audio English Lesson Features:

• Vocabulary Lessons
• Listen & Answer Mini-Stories
• Point of View Story Lessons
• Audio Articles

>Download

Effortless_English.part01.rar
Effortless_English.part02.rar
Effortless_English.part03.rar
Effortless_English.part04.rar
Effortless_English.part05.rar
Effortless_English.part06.rar
Effortless_English.part07.rar
Effortless_English.part08.rar
Effortless_English.part09.rar
Effortless_English.part10.rar
Effortless_English.part11.rar
Effortless_English.part12.rar
Effortless_English.part13.rar
Effortless_English.part14.rar
Effortless_English.part15.rar
Effortless_English.part16.rar
Bonus
Bonus_EFLE.part1.rar
Bonus_EFLE.part2.rar

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Phonics: Sing the Sounds (Video)
Big Polish-English Vocabulary (eBook+Audio)
Real American/Frankly Speaking (eBook+Audiobook)
Telephoning in English 2rd Edition (eBook+Audio)
101 American English Idioms (2 eBooks+Audio)

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Improve Your American English Accent (eBook+Audio)

Improve Your American English Accent offers language learners an easy and enjoyable way to master the most challenging American English speech characteristics. Focusing exclusively on the core features that have the greatest impact on understanding American English speakers and being understood by them, it comprises six 35-minute lessons on three CDs, and a booklet containing written pronunciation guidelines and transcriptions of the sounds, words, and sentences introduced on the recording.

Each lesson is short enough to be completed at one sitting and is presented in a friendly and lively manner that the learner will find engaging.

About the Author
Charlsie Childs is a specialist in foreign accent reduction with many years of teaching experience

>Download

3 Audio CDs
IYAEA_3CD.part1.rar
IYAEA_3CD.part2.rar
IYAEA_3CD.part3.rar
eBook
Improve_AmE_Accent_eBook.rar

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Cambridge English 365 Student’s Book 2 (eBook+Audio)
Big Audio Lessons (eBook+Audio)
Effortless English Podcast (Audio)
Effortless English: Business English Success Lessons (eBook+Audio)
Effortless English: Flow English Lessons (eBook+Audio)
Effortless English: 7 Rules For Excellent English (eBook+Audio)

Barack Obama’s Victory Speech (eBook+Audio+VDO)
VOA Obama Wins (eBook+Audio)
Barack Obama’s Inaugural Address (eBook+Audio+VDO)

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American English Materials

Learn American Slang with JenniferESL (8 Video Files)

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Pronunciation Workshop’s® American Accent Video Training

Pronunciation Workshop® programs are a proven,effective and comprehensive solution to improving English language skills. Our training provides you with the tools you need to communicate effectively in English. With Pronunciation Workshop®, you will quickly learn to speak Clear, Correct and Confident English!

The Pronunciation WorkshopAmerican Accent Video Training Course consists of 15 video training sessions as follows:

• The Complete Training Manual
• The Most 800 Commonly Used Idioms in America
• Session 1 R and W
• Session 2 Voicing, S and Z
• Session 3 TH, Voiced T
• Session 4 F and V, Sh and Voiced SH
• Session 5 L
• Session 6 Word Endings
• Session 7 DG and Ch, H
• Session 8 Vowel Overview, I and EE
• Session 9 OW and AE
• Session 10 OO, UH, EH
• Session 11 AU, AH, A
• Session 12 Tongue Twisters
• Session 13 Phrase Reductions, Intonation
• Session 14 Reading Passages
• Session 15 Reading Passages (Part A+B)

eBooks Download
PW_eBooks.rar
Videos Download
PW.part01.rar
PW.part02.rar
PW.part03.rar
PW.part04.rar
PW.part05.rar
PW.part06.rar
PW.part07.rar
PW.part08.rar
PW.part09.rar
PW.part10.rar
PW.part11.rar

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Effortless English: New Method Learning English (eBook+Audio)
Effective Presentation Skills: A Practical Guide to Better Speaking
Early Childhood Education [four volumes]

Communication Skills, 2nd Edition
Common Errors in English
A Dictionary of Contemporary American Usage
CliffsTestPrep™ GRE® CBT, 6th Edition
Word-Formation in English: Cambridge Textbooks in Linguistics
Forbidden Words: Taboo and the Censoring of Language
Lexical Categories: Verbs, Nouns, and Adjectives
Linguistic Universals
Phonics PPT Collection (156 files)
American Accent Program (Interactive eBook+Audio)
Pronunciation Power 1 + 2 + Idioms (CD-ROM)
Real American/Frankly Speaking (eBook+Audiobook)

Posted in >9 Materials Reviews | Tagged | 4 Comments

A More Perfect Union

A more perfect union
BARACK OBAMA 3/18/08

“We the people, in order to form a more perfect union.”

Two hundred and twenty one years ago, in a hall that still stands across the street, a group of men gathered and, with these simple words, launched America’s improbable experiment in democracy. Farmers and scholars; statesmen and patriots who had traveled across an ocean to escape tyranny and persecution finally made real their declaration of independence at a Philadelphia convention that lasted through the spring of 1787.

The document they produced was eventually signed but ultimately unfinished. It was stained by this nation’s original sin of slavery, a question that divided the colonies and brought the convention to a stalemate until the founders chose to allow the slave trade to continue for at least twenty more years, and to leave any final resolution to future generations.

Of course, the answer to the slavery question was already embedded within our Constitution — a Constitution that had at is very core the ideal of equal citizenship under the law; a Constitution that promised its people liberty, and justice, and a union that could be and should be perfected over time. And yet words on a parchment would not be enough to deliver slaves from bondage, or provide men and women of every color and creed their full rights and obligations as citizens of the United States. What would be needed were Americans in successive generations who were willing to do their part — through protests and struggle, on the streets and in the courts, through a civil war and civil disobedience and always at great risk —to narrow that gap between the promise of our ideals and the reality of their time.

This was one of the tasks we set forth at the beginning of this campaign — to continue the long march of those who came before us, a march for a more just, more equal, more free, more caring and more prosperous  America. I chose to run for the presidency at this moment in history because I believe deeply that we cannot solve the challenges of our time unless we solve them together — unless we perfect our union by understanding that we may have different stories, but we hold common hopes; that we may not look the same and we may not have come from the same place, but we all want to move in the same direction — towards abetter future for of children and our grandchildren.

This belief comes from my unyielding faith in the decency and generosity of the American people. But it also comes from my own American story.I am the son of a black man from Kenya and a white woman from Kansas. I was raised with the help of a  white grandfather who survived a Depression to serve in Patton’s Army during World War II and a white grandmother who worked on a bomber assembly line at Fort Leavenworth while he was overseas. I’ve gone to some of the best schools in America and lived in one of the world’s poorest nations. I am married to a black American who carries within her the blood of slaves and slaveowners — an inheritance we pass on to our two precious daughters. I have brothers, sisters, nieces, nephews, uncles and cousins, of every race and every hue, scattered across three continents, and for as long as I live, I will never forget that in no other country on Earth is my story even possible.

It’s a story that hasn’t made me the most conventional candidate. But it is a story that has seared into my genetic makeup the idea that this nation is more than the sum of its parts — that out of many, we are truly one.Throughout the first year of this campaign, against all predictions to the contrary, we saw how hungry the American people were for this message of unity. Despite the temptation to view my candidacy through a purely racial lens, we won commanding victories in states with some of the whitest populations in the country. In South Carolina, where the Confederate Flag still flies, we built a powerful coalition of African Americans and white Americans.

This is not to say that race has not been an issue in the campaign. At various stages in the campaign, some commentators have deemed me either “too black” or “not black enough.” We saw racial tensions bubble to the surface during the week before the South Carolina primary. The press has scoured every exit poll for the latest evidence of racial polarization, not just in terms of white and black, but black and brown as well.And yet, it has only been in the last couple of weeks that the discussion of race in this campaign has taken a particularly divisive turn.

On one end of the spectrum, we’ve heard the implication that my candidacy is somehow an exercise in affirmative action; that it’s based solely on the desire of wide-eyed liberals to purchase racial reconciliation on the cheap. On the other end, we’ve heard my former pastor, Reverend Jeremiah Wright, use incendiarylanguage to express views that have the potential not only to widen the racial divide, but views that denigrate both the greatness and the goodness of our nation; that rightly offend white and black alike.

I have already condemned, in unequivocal terms, the statements of Reverend Wright that have caused such controversy. For some, nagging questions remain. Did I know him to be an occasionally fierce critic of American domestic and foreign policy? Of course. Did I ever hear him make remarks that could be considered controversial while I sat in church? Yes. Did I strongly disagree with many of his political views? Absolutely —just as I’m sure many of you have heard remarks from your pastors, priests, or rabbis with which you strongly disagreed.

But the remarks that have caused this recent firestorm weren’t simply controversial. They weren’t simply a religious leader’s effort to speak out against perceived injustice. Instead, they expressed a profoundly distorted view of this country — a view that sees white racism as endemic, and that elevates what is wrong with America above all that we know is right with America; a view that sees the conflicts in the Middle East as rooted primarily in the actions of stalwart allies like Israel, instead of emanating from the perverse and hateful ideologies of radical Islam.

As such, Reverend Wright’s comments were not only wrong but divisive, divisive at a time when we need unity;racially charged at a time when we need to come together to solve a set of monumental problems — two wars,a terrorist threat, a falling economy, a chronic health care crisis and potentially devastating climate change;problems that are neither black or white or Latino or Asian, but rather problems that confront us all.

Given my background, my politics, and my professed values and ideals, there will no doubt be those for whom my statements of condemnation are not enough. Why associate myself with Reverend Wright in the first place,they may ask? Why not join another church? And I confess that if all that I knew of Reverend Wright were the snippets of those sermons that have run in an endless loop on the television and You Tube, or if Trinity United Church of Christ conformed to the caricatures being peddled by some commentators, there is no doubt that I would react in much the same way But the truth is, that isn’t all that I know of the man. The man I met more than twenty years ago is a man who helped introduce me to my Christian faith, a man who spoke to me about our obligations to love one another; to care for the sick and lift up the poor. He is a man who served his country as a U.S. Marine; who has studied and lectured at some of the finest universities and seminaries in the country, and who for over thirty years led a church that serves the community by doing God’s work here on Earth — by housing the homeless,ministering to the needy, providing day care services and scholarships and prison ministries, and reaching out to those suffering from HIV/AIDS.

In my first book, Dreams From My Father, I described the experience of my first service at Trinity:“People began to shout, to rise from their seats and clap and cry out, a forceful wind carrying the reverend’s voice up into the rafters….And in that single note — hope! — I heard something else; at the foot of that cross,inside the thousands of churches across the city, I imagined the stories of ordinary black people merging with the stories of David and Goliath, Moses and Pharaoh, the Christians in the lion’s den, Ezekiel’s field of dry bones. Those stories — of survival, and freedom, and hope — became our story, my story; the blood that had spilled was our blood, the tears our tears; until this black church, on this bright day, seemed once more a vessel carrying the story of a people into future generations and into a larger world. Our trials and triumphs became at once unique and universal, black and more than black; in chronicling our journey, the stories and songs gave us a means to reclaim memories that we didn’t need to feel shame about…memories that all people might study and cherish — and with which we could start to rebuild.”

That has been my experience at Trinity. Like other predominantly black churches across the country, Trinity embodies the black community in its entirety — the doctor and the welfare mom, the model student and the former gang-banger. Like other black churches, Trinity’s services are full of raucous laughter and sometimes bawdy humor. They are full of dancing, clapping, screaming and shouting that may seem jarring to the untrained ear. The church contains in full the kindness and cruelty, the fierce intelligence and the shocking ignorance, the struggles and successes, the love and yes, the bitterness and bias that make up the black experience in America.

And this helps explain, perhaps, my relationship with Reverend Wright. As imperfect as he may be, he has been like family to me. He strengthened my faith, officiated my wedding, and baptized my children. Not once in my conversations with him have I heard him talk about any ethnic group in derogatory terms, or treat whites with whom he interacted with anything but courtesy and respect. He contains within him the contradictions —the good and the bad — of the community that he has served diligently for so many years.

I can no more disown him than I can disown the black community. I can no more disown him than I can my white grandmother — a woman who helped raise me, a woman who sacrificed again and again for me, a woman who loves me as much as she loves anything in this world, but a woman who once confessed her fear of black men who passed by her on the street, and who on more than one occasion has uttered racial or ethnic stereotypes that made me cringe.

These people are a part of me. And they are a part of America, this country that I love.Some will see this as an attempt to justify or excuse comments that are simply inexcusable. I can assure you it is not. I suppose the politically safe thing would be to move on from this episode and just hope that it fades into the woodwork. We can dismiss Reverend Wright as a crank or a demagogue, just as some have dismissed Geraldine Ferraro, in the aftermath of her recent statements, as harboring some deep-seated racial bias.

But race is an issue that I believe this nation cannot afford to ignore right now. We would be making the same mistake that Reverend Wright made in his offending sermons about America — to simplify and stereotype and amplify the negative to the point that it distorts reality.The fact is that the comments that have been made and the issues that have surfaced over the last few weeks reflect the complexities of race in this country that we’ve never really worked through — a part of our union that we have yet to perfect. And if we walk away now, if we simply retreat into our respective corners, we will never be able to come together and solve challenges like health care, or education, or the need to find good jobs for every American.

Understanding this reality requires a reminder of how we arrived at this point. As William Faulkner once wrote,“The past isn’t dead and buried. In fact, it isn’t even past.” We do not need to recite here the history of racial injustice in this country. But we do need to remind ourselves that so many of the disparities that exist in the African-American community today can be directly traced to inequalities passed on from an earlier generation that suffered under the brutal legacy of slavery and Jim Crow.

Segregated schools were, and are, inferior schools; we still haven’t fixed them, fifty years after Brown v. Board of Education, and the inferior education they provided, then and now, helps explain the pervasive achievement gap between today’s black and white students.Legalized discrimination — where blacks were prevented, often through violence, from owning property, or loans were not granted to African-American business owners, or black homeowners could not access FHA mortgages, or blacks were excluded from unions, or the police force, or fire departments — meant that black families could not amass any meaningful wealth to bequeath to future generations. That history helps explain the wealth and income gap between black and white, and the concentrated pockets of poverty that persists in so many of today’s urban and rural communities.

A lack of economic opportunity among black men, and the shame and frustration that came from not being able to provide for one’s family, contributed to the erosion of black families — a problem that welfare policies for many years may have worsened. And the lack of basic services in so many urban black neighborhoods —parks for kids to play in, police walking the beat, regular garbage pick-up and building code enforcement — all helped create a cycle of violence, blight and neglect that continue to haunt us.

This is the reality in which Reverend Wright and other African-Americans of his generation grew up. They came of age in the late ’50s and early ’60s, a time when segregation was still the law of the land and opportunity was systematically constricted. What’s remarkable is not how many failed in the face of discrimination, but rather how many men and women overcame the odds; how many were able to make a way out of no way for those like me who would come after them.

But for all those who scratched and clawed their way to get a piece of the American Dream, there were many who didn’t make it — those who were ultimately defeated, in one way or another, by discrimination. That legacy of defeat was passed on to future generations — those young men and increasingly young women who we see standing on street corners or languishing in our prisons, without hope or prospects for the future. Even for those blacks who did make it, questions of race, and racism, continue to define their worldview in fundamental ways. For the men and women of Reverend Wright’s generation, the memories of humiliation and doubt and fear have not gone away; nor has the anger and the bitterness of those years. That anger may not get expressed in public, in front of white co-workers or white friends. But it does find voice in the barbershop or around the kitchen table. At times, that anger is exploited by politicians, to gin up votes along racial lines, or to make up for a politician’s own failings.And occasionally it finds voice in the church on Sunday morning, in the pulpit and in the pews. The fact that so many people are surprised to hear that anger in some of Reverend Wright’s sermons simply reminds us of the old truism that the most segregated hour in American life occurs on Sunday morning. That anger is not always productive; indeed, all too often it distracts attention from solving real problems; it keeps us from squarely facing our own complicity in our condition, and prevents the African-American community from forging the alliances it needs to bring about real change. But the anger is real; it is powerful; and to simply wish it away, to condemn it without understanding its roots, only serves to widen the chasm of misunderstanding that exists between the races.

In fact, a similar anger exists within segments of the white community. Most working- and middle-class white Americans don’t feel that they have been particularly privileged by their race. Their experience is the immigrant experience — as far as they’re concerned, no one’s handed them anything, they’ve built it from scratch. They’ve worked hard all their lives, many times only to see their jobs shipped overseas or their pension dumped after a lifetime of labor. They are anxious about their futures, and feel their dreams slipping away; in an era of stagnant wages and global competition, opportunity comes to be seen as a zero sum game, in which your dreams come at my expense. So when they are told to bus their children to a school across town; when they hear that an African-American is getting an advantage in landing a good job or a spot in a good college because of an injustice that they themselves never committed; when they’re told that their fears about crime in urban neighborhoods are somehow prejudiced, resentment builds over time.

Like the anger within the black community, these resentments aren’t always expressed in polite company. But they have helped shape the political landscape for at least a generation. Anger over welfare and affirmative action helped forge the Reagan Coalition. Politicians routinely exploited fears of crime for their own electoral ends. Talk show hosts and conservative commentators built entire careers unmasking bogus claims of racism while dismissing legitimate discussions of racial injustice and inequality as mere political correctness or reverse racism.

Just as black anger often proved counterproductive, so have these white resentments distracted attention from the real culprits of the middle class squeeze — a corporate culture rife with inside dealing, questionable accounting practices, and short-term greed; a Washington dominated by lobbyists and special interests;economic policies that favor the few over the many. And yet, to wish away the resentments of white Americans,to label them as misguided or even racist, without recognizing they are grounded in legitimate concerns — this too widens the racial divide and blocks the path to understanding.

This is where we are right now. It’s a racial stalemate we’ve been stuck in for years. Contrary to the claims of some of my critics, black and white, I have never been so naive as to believe that we can get beyond our racial divisions in a single election cycle, or with a single candidacy — particularly a candidacy as imperfect as my own.But I have asserted a firm conviction — a conviction rooted in my faith in God and my faith in the American people — that working together we can move beyond some of our old racial wounds, and that in fact we have no choice is we are to continue on the path of a more perfect union.

For the African-American community, that path means embracing the burdens of our past without becoming victims of our past. It means continuing to insist on a full measure of justice in every aspect of American life.But it also means binding our particular grievances — for better health care, and better schools, and better jobs – to the larger aspirations of all Americans — the white woman struggling to break the glass ceiling, the white man whose been laid off, the immigrant trying to feed his family. And it means taking full responsibility for own lives — by demanding more from our fathers, and spending more time with our children, and reading to them, and teaching them that while they may face challenges and discrimination in their own lives, they must never succumb to despair or cynicism; they must always believe that they can write their own destiny.Ironically, this quintessentially American — and yes, conservative — notion of self-help found frequent expression in Reverend Wright’s sermons. But what my former pastor too often failed to understand is that embarking on a program of self-help also requires a belief that society can change.

The profound mistake of Reverend Wright’s sermons is not that he spoke about racism in our society. It’s thathe spoke as if our society was static; as if no progress has been made; as if this country — a country that has made it possible for one of his own members to run for the highest office in the land and build a coalition of white and black; Latino and Asian, rich and poor, young and old — is still irrevocably bound to a tragic past.But what we know — what we have seen — is that America can change. That is true genius of this nation.What we have already achieved gives us hope — the audacity to hope — for what we can and must achieve tomorrow.

In the white community, the path to a more perfect union means acknowledging that what ails the African-American community does not just exist in the minds of black people; that the legacy of discrimination — and current incidents of discrimination, while less overt than in the past — are real and must be addressed. Not just with words, but with deeds — by investing in our schools and our communities; by enforcing our civil rights laws and ensuring fairness in our criminal justice system; by providing this generation with ladders of opportunity that were unavailable for previous generations. It requires all Americans to realize that your dreams do not have to come at the expense of my dreams; that investing in the health, welfare, and education of black and brown and white children will ultimately help all of America prosper.

In the end, then, what is called for is nothing more, and nothing less, than what all the world’s great religions demand — that we do unto others as we would have them do unto us. Let us be our brother’s keeper,Scripture tells us. Let us be our sister’s keeper. Let us find that common stake we all have in one another, and let our politics reflect that spirit as well.

For we have a choice in this country. We can accept a politics that breeds division, and conflict, and cynicism.We can tackle race only as spectacle — as we did in the O.J. trial — or in the wake of tragedy, as we did in the aftermath of Katrina, or as fodder for the nightly news. We can play Reverend Wright’s sermons on everychannel, every day and talk about them from now until the election, and make the only question in this campaign whether or not the American people think that I somehow believe or sympathize with his most offensive words. We can pounce on some gaffe by a Hillary supporter as evidence that she’s playing the race card, or we can speculate on whether white men will all flock to John McCain in the general election regardless of his policies.We can do that.But if we do, I can tell you that in the next election, we’ll be talking about some other distraction. And then another one. And then another one. And nothing will change.

That is one option. Or, at this moment, in this election, we can come together and say, “Not this time.” This time we want to talk about the crumbling schools that are stealing the future of black children and white children and Asian children and Hispanic children and Native American children. This time we want to reject the cynicism that tells us that these kids can’t learn; that those kids who don’t look like us are somebody else’s problem. The children of America are not those kids, they are our kids, and we will not let them fall behind in a 21st-century economy. Not this time.

This time we want to talk about how the lines in the emergency room are filled with whites and blacks and Hispanics who do not have health care; who don’t have the power on their own to overcome the special interests in Washington, but who can take them on if we do it together.

This time we want to talk about the shuttered mills that once provided a decent life for men and women of every race, and the homes for sale that once belonged to Americans from every religion, every region, every walk of life. This time we want to talk about the fact that the real problem is not that someone who doesn’t look like you might take your job; it’s that the corporation you work for will ship it overseas for nothing more than a profit.

This time we want to talk about the men and women of every color and creed who serve together, and fight together, and bleed together under the same proud flag. We want to talk about how to bring them home from a war that never should’ve been authorized and never should’ve been waged, and we want to talk about how we’ll show our patriotism by caring for them, and their families, and giving them the benefits they have earned.

I would not be running for president if I didn’t believe with all my heart that this is what the vast majority of Americans want for this country. This union may never be perfect, but generation after generation has shown that it can always be perfected. And today, whenever I find myself feeling doubtful or cynical about this possibility, what gives me the most hope is the next generation — the young people whose attitudes and beliefs and openness to change have already made history in this election.

There is one story in particularly that I’d like to leave you with today — a story I told when I had the great honor of speaking on Dr. King’s birthday at his home church, Ebenezer Baptist, in Atlanta.There is a young, 23-year-old white woman named Ashley Baia who organized for our campaign in Florence,South Carolina. She had been working to organize a mostly African-American community since the beginning of this campaign, and one day she was at a roundtable discussion where everyone went around telling their story and why they were there.And Ashley said that when she was nine years old, her mother got cancer. And because she had to miss days of work, she was let go and lost her health care. They had to file for bankruptcy, and that’s when Ashley decided that she had to do something to help her mom.She knew that food was one of their most expensive costs, and so Ashley convinced her mother that what she really liked and really wanted to eat more than anything else was mustard and relish sandwiches. Because that was the cheapest way to eat.She did this for a year until her mom got better, and she told everyone at the roundtable that the reason she joined our campaign was so that she could help the millions of other children in the country who want and need to help their parents too.

Now Ashley might have made a different choice. Perhaps somebody told her along the way that the source of her mother’s problems were blacks who were on welfare and too lazy to work, or Hispanics who were coming into the country illegally. But she didn’t. She sought out allies in her fight against injustice.Anyway, Ashley finishes her story and then goes around the room and asks everyone else why they’re supporting the campaign. They all have different stories and reasons. Many bring up a specific issue. And finally they come to this elderly black man who’s been sitting there quietly the entire time. And Ashley asks him why he’s there. And he does not bring up a specific issue. He does not say health care or the economy. He does not say education or the war. He does not say that he was there because of Barack Obama. He simply says to everyone in the room, “I am here because of Ashley.”

“I’m here because of Ashley.” By itself, that single moment of recognition between that young white girl andthat old black man is not enough. It is not enough to give health care to the sick, or jobs to the jobless, or education to our children.But it is where we start. It is where our union grows stronger. And as so many generations have come to realize over the course of the 221 years since a band of patriots signed that document in Philadelphia, that is where the perfection begins.

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Obama Democratic National Convention

DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION,
JULY 27, 2004

On behalf of the great state of Illinois, [the crowd applauds, and Obama’s eyes sparkle with pride at speaking the name of his home state] crossroads  of a nation [pause], Land of Lin- coln, let me express my deepest gratitude for the privilege of addressing this convention. [He reaches out to the audience with open hands, conveying his gratitude.]
Tonight is a particular honor for me because, let’s face it, my presence on this stage is pretty unlikely. [Obama places his hand over his heart. His intonation underscores the irony of the circumstances.] My father was a foreign student, born and raised in a small village in Kenya. He grew up herding goats, went to school in a tin-roof shack. His father, my grandfather, was a cook, a domestic servant to the British. [He pinches the fingers of his right hand, under- scoring his point.]
But my grandfather had larger dreams for his son. [Obama stretches his palms upwards, as if measuring the enor- mity of the dreams.] Through hard work and perseverance my father got a scholarship to study in a magical place: America [italics added for emphasis], that shone as a beacon of freedom and opportunity to so many who had come before. [His inflection conveys patriotic pride and generates applause.]
While studying here, my father met my mother. She was born in a town on the other side of the world, in Kansas. [Obama gestures with a hand off in a direction, indicating far, far away. He flashes a bright smile toward the part of the crowd that cheers upon hearing  ”Kansas” and waves to them in a ten- der gesture.]  Her  father worked on oil rigs and farms

through most of the Depression. The day after Pearl Har- bor my grandfather signed up for duty, joined Patton’s army, marched across Europe. Back home, my grand- mother raised a baby and [emphasis] went to work on a bomber assembly line. After the war, they studied on the GI Bill, bought a house through FHA, and later moved west, all the way to Hawaii, in search of opportunity.
And they, too, had big dreams for their daughter, a com- mon dream, born of two continents. My parents shared not only an improbable love; they shared an abiding faith in the possibilities of this nation. [Obama  speaks the words with pride and reverence; his hand extended to the audience, signi- fying shared awe in all the United States has to give.]
They  would give me an African name, Barack, or “blessed,”  [he touches his hand over his heart] believing that in a tolerant [emphasis] America [he pinches the fingers of his right hand] your name is no barrier to success. [Applause.] They imagined me going to the best schools in the land, even though they weren’t rich, because in a generous America you don’t have to be rich [he raises a palm to the crowd, a lit- tle stop sign, as if to halt any notion that richness is a precursor to success] to achieve your potential. [Applause.] They are both passed away now. Yet, I know that, on this night, they look down on me with great pride.
I stand here today, grateful for the diversity of my her- itage, aware that my parents’ dreams live on in my two pre- cious daughters. [Sincerity rings in his tone.] I stand here knowing that my story is part of the larger American story [he stretches a hand to the audience, reaching out to them], that I owe a debt to all of those who came before me, and that,

in no other country on earth is my story even possible. [He pinches his fingers with those words, his voice bursting with pride. He pauses as some audience members rise in ovation.]
Tonight, we gather to affirm the greatness of our nation, not because of the height of our skyscrapers, or the power of our military, or the size of our economy. Our pride is based on a very simple premise, summed up in a declara- tion made over two hundred years ago, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, [he amplifies his voice slightly, speaking the patriotic words with care and curls his right fin- gers into a C, motioning in front of him as if setting the words on air] that all men are created equal. [Applause.] That they are endowed by their Creator  with certain inalienable rights. That among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.”
That [emphasis] is the true genius of America [applause], a faith in simple dreams, an insistence on small miracles. That we can tuck in our children at night and know they are fed and clothed and safe from harm. That we can say what we think, write what we think, without hearing a sud- den knock on the door. [Obama knocks a balled fist on an imaginary door.] That we can have an idea and start our own business without paying a bribe. That we can partici- pate in the political process without fear of retribution, and that our votes will be counted—at least, most of the time. [He allows his tone to fall flat, disapproving, signaling a wry reference to the disputed 2000 U.S. presidential election results. The audience responds with jeers, sharing his disapproval.]
This year, in this election, we are called to reaffirm our values and our commitments, to hold them against a hard

reality, and see how we are measuring up to the legacy of our forbearers, and the promise of future generations. And fellow Americans—Democrats, Republicans, Indepen- dents—I say to you tonight: we have more work to do. [Obama stresses the words, his tone issuing the statement as a challenge. More applause.] More work to do for the workers I met in Galesburg, Illinois, who are losing their union jobs at the Maytag plant that’s moving to Mexico, and now are having to compete with their own children for jobs that pay seven bucks an hour. [His tone rings with disapproval.] More to do for the father that I met who was losing his job and choking back the tears, wondering how he would pay
$4,500 a month for the drugs his son needs without the health benefits that he counted on. [His tone conveys great empathy.] More to do for the young woman in East St. Louis, and thousands more like her, who has the grades, has the drive, has the will [he emphasizes the words and his slight pauses add power to the delivery], but doesn’t have the money to go to college.
Now, don’t get me wrong. The people I meet in small towns and big cities, in diners and office parks, they don’t expect government to solve all their problems. They know they have to work hard to get ahead, and they want to. [Obama stresses the words  as he pinches his fingers to further accentuate his statement.] Go into the collar counties around Chicago, and people will tell you they don’t want their tax money wasted by a welfare agency or by the Pentagon. [His amplification  of these last three words makes a negative refer- ence to the Iraq War, drawing reaction from the audience.] Go into any inner city neighborhood, and folks will tell you

that government alone can’t teach our kids to learn. They know that parents have to teach, that children can’t achieve unless we raise their expectations [he gestures upward  as if raising a bar], and turn off the television sets and eradicate the slander that says a black youth with a book is acting white. [He wags his index finger, as if chastising someone for that belief.] They know those things. [Enthusiastic applause.] People don’t expect government to solve all their problems. [He lifts a vertical palm to the audience, as if halting the very notion.] But they sense, deep in their bones [he raises a soft fist and thumps it in air], that with just a slight change in pri- orities [he moves his right fingers as if turning a knob slightly to adjust it], we can make sure that every child in America has a decent shot at life, and that the doors of opportunity remain open to all. They know, [he pinches his fingers, under- scoring his emphasis of the words] we can do better [a brief pause], and they want that choice.
In this election, [Obama  raises his index finger in the air, raising it like a staff] we offer that choice. Our party has chosen a man to lead us who embodies the best this coun- try has to offer. [Pride rings in his tone.] And that man is John Kerry. [His tone is firm and resolute. Applause.] John Kerry understands the ideals of community, faith, and serv- ice, because they’ve defined his life. [He pinches his fingers to give each word weight.] From his heroic service in Viet- nam to his years as prosecutor and lieutenant governor, through two decades in the United States Senate, he has devoted himself to  this  country. [He turns both palms upward, as if presenting a gift or offering, underscoring his description of Kerry’s devotion and service.] Again and again,

we’ve seen him make tough choices when easier ones were available. His values and his record affirm what is best in us. [He varies his tone and amplifies his volume.]
John Kerry believes in an America where hard work is rewarded. So instead of offering tax breaks to companies shipping jobs overseas [Obama motions his hand off dismis- sively to the right], he offers them to companies creating jobs here at home. [He moves both hands to the left as if mov- ing an object to where it belongs, signifying  how much more Kerry would give to the alternative of keeping jobs at home. Applause.]
John Kerry believes in an America where all [emphasis] Americans can afford the same health coverage our politi- cians in Washington have for themselves. [Applause.] John Kerry believes in energy independence, so we aren’t held hostage to the profits of oil companies [Obama motions his hand like a stop sign] or the sabotage of foreign oil fields. [Applause.] John Kerry believes in the constitutional free- doms that have made our country the envy of the world, and he will never sacrifice our basic liberties nor use faith as a wedge to divide us. [Pause for applause.] And John Kerry believes that in a dangerous world, war must be an option sometimes [he points his index finger in the air, signi- fying the importance],  but  it  should never be the  first [emphasis] option. [Applause.]
A while back, I met a young man named Shamus in a VFW Hall in East Moline, Illinois. He was a good-looking kid, six-two, six-three, clear-eyed, with an easy smile [the texture of Obama’s tone is wistful, conveying admiration]. He told me he’d joined the marines and was heading to Iraq

the following week. As I listened to him explain why he’d enlisted, the absolute faith he had in our country and its leaders, his devotion to duty and service, I thought this young man was all that any of us might ever hope for in a child [he speaks the words with tender affection]. But then I asked myself: Are we serving Shamus as well as he’s serving us? I thought of the 900 men and women, sons and daugh- ters, husbands and wives, friends and neighbors, who won’t be returning to their own hometowns. I thought of fami- lies I had met who were struggling to get by without a loved one’s full income, or whose loved ones had returned with a limb missing or nerves shattered, but still lacked long-term health benefits because they were reservists. [Disappointment rings in his voice. Applause.] When we send our young men and women into harm’s way, we have a solemn obligation [he rests his palm over his heart] not to fudge the numbers [he raises his hand in a stop sign], or shade the truth about why they’re going, to care for their families while they’re gone [he points an index finger, emphasizing the importance], to tend to the soldiers upon their return, and to never [pause] ever [he amplifies his voice greatly] go to war without enough troops to win the war,  secure the peace, and earn the respect of the world.  [He stresses the words,  amplifying each to build to a high. Audience members rise in ovation.]
Now let me be clear. [Obama motions his index finger up in the air.] We have real enemies in the world. These ene- mies must be found. [He pinches his fingers. A slight pause gives gravity to the words.] They must be pursued [his hand gesture underscores the importance of “pursuing”], and they must be defeated. [He pinches his fingers at these words, high-

lighting their importance.] John Kerry knows this. And just as Lieutenant [emphasis] Kerry did not hesitate to risk his life to protect the men who served with him in Vietnam, President [emphasis] Kerry will not hesitate one moment [emphasis] to use our military might to keep America safe and secure. John Kerry believes [emphasis]  in America. And he knows that it’s not enough for just some of us to prosper. [He moves his index finger in the air.] For alongside our famous individualism, there’s another ingredient in the American saga. [His tone conveys a challenge beneath his words.]
A belief that we’re all connected as one people. [His tone is filled with wistful, patriotic pride.] If there’s a child on the south side of Chicago who can’t read, that matters to me [he moves his hand to his chest, stressing the heartfelt words], even if it’s not my child. [Obama  speaks the words with sincerity and evokes applause.] If there’s a senior citizen somewhere who can’t pay for their prescription drug and has to choose between medicine and the rent, that makes my life poorer, even if it’s not my grandparent. [He places his hand  tenderly over his heart and draws more applause.] If there’s an Arab American family being rounded up without benefit of an attorney or due process [he amplifies his tone], that threat- ens my [emphasis] civil liberties. [He taps a closed fist at his chest, drawing loud cheers from the audience. He pauses as applause rings on.] It is that fundamental belief—I am my brother’s keeper [he raises his volume even more, and his voice rings with moral  rightness  as he slices a hand through the air], I am my sister’s keeper [he cuts his hand through the air again, making  eye contact with the other side of the audience]—that

makes this country work. [Applause.] It’s what allows us to pursue our individual dreams, and yet still come together as one American family [his tone grows reflective.]  “E pluribus unum.” [He enunciates each word carefully, curls his right fingers into a C and motions as if placing the words on air for the audience to see, and gives a dramatic pause.] Out of many, one. [He lowers his pitch to emphasize the translation and curls his left fingers into a C, motioning again as if placing the words on air.]
Now, even as we speak, there are those who are prepar- ing to divide us, the spin masters, the negative ad peddlers who embrace the politics of anything goes. Well, I say to them tonight, there is not a liberal [emphasis] America and a conservative America [he amplifies his volume, his tone mocking the notions]—there is the United States of America. [Obama enunciates each word carefully—U-ni-ted-States-of- A-mer-i-ca—moving his fingers as if writing in cursive. Applause.] There  is not a black America  [emphasis]  and white America [emphasis] and Latino America and Asian America; there’s the United States of America. [He enunci- ates the words carefully again, giving them dramatic impact. Applause.] The pundits like to slice and dice our country into red states and blue states. [His tone mocks the practice.] Red states for Republicans, blue states for Democrats. But I’ve got news for them, too. [He raises his index finger, chas- tising the pundits.] We worship an awesome God [he stresses the words, raising his hands and amplifying his voice to signify God ’s greatness] in the blue states, and we don’t like federal agents poking around in our libraries in the red states. [He increases his cadence dramatically,  underscoring  the point.

Applause.] We coach Little League in the blue states and yes we’ve got some gay friends in the red states. [Applause.] There are patriots who opposed the war in Iraq and there are patriots who supported the war in Iraq. We are one [emphasis] people, all of us [emphasis] pledging allegiance to the stars and stripes, all of us [emphasis] defending the [pause] United States of America [He punches the words—U- ni-ted-States-of-A-mer-i-ca—scrawling his fingers as if writ- ing in cursive. Applause. The electrified audience starts chanting “Obama! Obama!”]
In the end, that’s what this election is about. Do we par- ticipate in a politics of cynicism [his voice falls flat, signal- ing disapproval] or do we participate in a politics of hope? [Obama  raises his pitch, sounding hopeful and expectant. The crowd shouts out, “Hope!” as if participating in a “call and response.”] John Kerry calls on us to hope. John Edwards calls on us to hope. I’m not talking about blind optimism here—the almost willful ignorance that thinks unemploy- ment will go away if we just don’t think about it, or the health care crisis will solve itself if we just ignore it. That’s not what I’m talking about. I’m talking about something more substantial. [Emphasis.] It’s the hope [emphasis] of slaves sitting  around  a fire singing freedom songs; the hope [emphasis] of immigrants setting out for distant shores; the hope [emphasis] of  a  young  naval  lieutenant  bravely patrolling the Mekong Delta; the hope [emphasis] of a mill worker’s son who dares to defy the odds; the hope [empha- sis] of a skinny kid [emphasis] with a funny name [he thumps his palm against his chest, indicating  he is speaking of himself] who believes that America has a place for him, too. [He

reaches open palms toward his listeners. The audience  goes wild with adulation, the applause extending  so long that Obama adds two sentences as the cheers continue.] Hope [emphasis] in the  face of difficulty. [His amplified words signify his approval  of the audience’s reaction.] Hope in the face of uncer- tainty. [He keeps his volume powerful.] The audacity of hope! [His volume rises.]
In the end, that is God’s greatest gift to us, the bedrock [emphasis] of this nation; a belief [emphasis] in things not seen; a belief [emphasis] that there are better days ahead. [Passion resonates in Obama’s voice.] I believe [emphasis] that we can give our middle class relief and provide working families with a road to opportunity. I believe [emphasis] we can provide jobs to the jobless, homes to the homeless, and reclaim young people in cities across America from vio- lence and despair. I believe [emphasis] that we have a right- eous wind in our backs and that  as we stand  on the crossroads of history, we can make the right choices, and meet  the  challenges that  face us. America!  [emphasis] Tonight! [The intensity of his tone rings like a challenge, reach- ing a crescendo.]
If you feel the same energy [emphasis] that I do, if you feel the same urgency [emphasis] that I do, if you feel the same passion [emphasis] that I do, if you feel the same hopefulness [emphasis] that I do—if we do what we must do, then I have no doubt that all across the country, from Florida to Ore- gon [he slices a hand through the air], from Washington to Maine [he slices a hand through air again, his inflections ris- ing and falling to convey the breadth of the geography, from coast to coast] the people will rise up in November, and John

Kerry will be sworn in as president, and John Edwards will be sworn in as vice president, and this country will reclaim its promise, and  out  of this  long political darkness a brighter day will come.
Thank you very much everybody. [He stretches his arm high, waving goodbye] God bless you. [The energized audi- ence rises in full ovation, with some people chanting “Obama! Obama!”] [Emphases provided.]

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Obama Inaugural Address

Listening Obama Speech (wt scripts):

This is my best way to improve my  english by listening deeply and understanding in real english.

เริ่มต้นฝึกบทสั้นๆจากที่English Central ก่อน > Inauguration Day for Obama

Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real.

วันนี้กระผมขอกล่าวกับทุกท่านว่า ความท้าทายต่างๆที่เรากำลังเผชิญอยู่นั้นมันเป็นเรื่องจริง

They are serious and they are many.

มันร้ายแรงและมันมีจำนวนมากมาย

They will not be met easily or in a short span of time.

ปัญหาเหล่านี้มิอาจแก้ได้อย่างง่ายดายในระยะเวลาอันสั้น

But know this, America — they will be met.

แต่จงรับรู้ไว้เถิดครับ,ชาวอเมริกัน-ว่าสักวันปัญหาเหล่านี้จะถูกขจัดสิ้นไป

On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear,

ในวันนี้,พวกเรามารวมกันเพราะว่าพวกเราเลือกความหวังให้อยู่เหนือความกลัว,

unity of purpose over conflict and discord.

ความเป็นหนึ่งเดียวของเป้าประสงค์เหนือความขัดแย้งและความไม่ลงรอยกัน

On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and false promises,

ในวันนี้,เรามาที่นี่เพื่อประกาศอวสานของความขุ่นเคืองใจเล็กๆน้อยๆและคำ มั่นสัญญาอันเป็นเท็จ,

the recriminations and worn out dogmas,

การกล่าวโทษกันเองและหลักการต่างๆที่หมดสมัย

that for far too long have strangled our politics.

ซึ่งได้ถ่วงความก้าวหน้าทางการเมืองของชาติเรามานานแสนนาน

We remain a young nation,

เรายังคงเป็นประเทศที่อ่อนเยาว์,

but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish things.

แต่ตามคำกล่าวในพระคัมภีร์,มันถึงเวลาแล้วที่เราจะละเว้นเรื่องที่อ่อนหัด เสียที

The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit;

มันถึงเวลาแล้วที่จะยืนยันถึงจิตวิญญาณอันทรหดอดทนของพวกเรา;

to choose our better history;

เพื่อที่จะเลือกประวัติศาสตร์ที่ดีขึ้นของพวกเรา;

to carry forward that precious gift,

เพื่อที่จะได้นำพาพรสวรรค์อันทรงคุณค่า,

that noble idea, passed on from generation to generation:

ความคิดอันสูงส่ง,ส่งต่อไปจากรุ่นสู่รุ่น :

the God-given promise

นั่นคือคำมั่นสัญญาจากพระผู้เป็นเจ้าที่ว่า

that all are equal,

ทุกๆคนต่างเท่าเทียมกัน,

all are free,

ทุกๆคนต่างเป็นอิสระ,

and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness.

และทุกๆคนสมควรได้รับโอกาสที่จะบรรลุความสุขอันเปี่ยมล้นของพวกเขา

Vocabulary:
challenges
V. dare, invite to engage in a contest; stimulate, test one’s ability; deal with; demand that one identify himself (Military)
conflict

ncu. ค้อนฟลิคท (พบบ่อย)

1. การต่อสู้, การพิพาท : He was defeated in the conflict with his enemy.= เขาพ่ายแพ้ในการต่อสู้กับศัตรูของเขา

2. การขัดแย้งกัน(ในความคิดเห็น) : There is a conflict of opinions.= มีความคิดเห็นที่ขัดแย้งกัน

1. (grammar) สังเกต คำนี้มี preposition เฉพาะ: conflict with s.th.=ขัดแย้งกับ (บางสิ่ง) และ in conflict / in conflict with=ขัดแย้งกันอยู่ (กับ)

1. (trick) อย่าสับสนกับ inflict (ก่อให้เกิดความลำบาก, ปัญหา, กำหนด, ตั้ง) และอย่าสับสนกับ afflict (ทำให้เจ็บปวด, ทรมาน, ทำให้วิตกกังวล)

discord

nu. ดิ๊สคอด (En.)

1. ความไม่ลงรอยกัน, การทะเลาะวิวาทกัน : There was discord over who should be their leader.

n. ความไม่ลงรอยกัน, ความขัดแย้ง (syn. conflict, friction)

vi. ไม่ลงรอยกัน, ขัดแย้งกัน (syn. disagree, differ)

proclaim

vt. โปรเคลม (En.)

1. ประกาศ : The people proclaimed him king. ; They proclaimed the man a traitor.

1. (trick) อย่าสับสนกับ acclaim (ต้อนรับด้วยการโห่ร้องหรือร้องเรียกดัง ๆ ด้วยความปิติยินดี; nu ความรู้สึกพอใจ, ความปิติยินดี)

1. (similar) คล้าย declare, announce แต่ proclaim=ประกาศเรื่องที่มีความสำคัญต่อชาติต่อประชาชนให้ทราบ เพราะมีผลกระทบได้เสียต่อรัฐ ต่อแผ่นดิน หรืออาจต่อบุคคลประชาชนธรรมดาก็ได้ : The Government proclaimed a state of emergency.= รัฐบาลได้ประกาศภาวะฉุกเฉิน ; We proclaimed that man was a traitor.= พวกเราประกาศให้ทราบแล้วว่า ชายคนนั้นเป็นคนทรยศ

grievance

n. complaint; resentment; wrong; injustice

promise

v. pledge, give one’s word, vow, commit oneself to a certain course of action

n. pledge, vow, declaration of intention; source of hope, basis for expectations

recrimination

n. การฟ้องกลับ, การแย้งกลับ

ตอบด้วยการกล่าวโทษแย้ง

dogma

n. system of principles; system of religious laws

strangled

หายใจไม่ออก

adj. smothered; stifled; kept under control with difficulty

politics

n. art or science of government; governmental principles; political actions or policies

n. วิชาการเมือง, รัฐศาสตร์, ศิลปะการปกครองโดยรัฐ (syn. foreign affairs, diplomacy); การเมือง, กิจกรรมทางการเมือง, หลักการทางการเมือง, ข้อคิดเห็นทางการเมือง (syn. campaigning, seeking nomination, electioneering); เล่ห์เหลี่ยมทางการเมือง,อุบายทางการเมือง

Scripture

n. คัมภีร์ไบเบิล, คัมภีร์ของคริสตศาสนา

reaffirm

vt. ยืนยันใหม่

enduring

adj. เอ็นดิ๊วริง (En.)

1. คงทน, อยู่ได้นาน : We want enduring happiness.

precious

adj. เพร้ชึ่ดซ (พบบ่อย)

1. มีค่ามาก ประเสริฐ : Life is precious.= ชีวิตมีค่ามาก

2. เป็นที่รักใคร่ : Her child is very precious to her.= ลูกเป็นที่รักใคร่เอ็นดูของหล่อน

deserve

vt. ดิเศิ้บฟ (En.)

1. สมควรจะได้รับ : He deserves a high salary.

pursue

vt. เพอซู้ (ม.ต้น)

1. ไล่ตาม ติดตาม : It is not easy to pursue a butterfly.= การติดตามผีเสื้อ ไม่ใช่ของง่ายเลย ; The police are pursuing the robbers.

2. ดำเนินต่อไป กระทำต่อไป : The reporter pursued the question and finally got his answers.= นักข่าว (ผู้สื่อข่าว) ติดตามคำถามต่อไป จนในที่สุดเขาก็ได้รับคำตอบ ; He pursued his studies in England.

3. มุ่งหา : They pursued pleasure.

1. (trick) อย่าสับสนกับ peruse (อ่าน, ตรวจดู, พิเคราะห์, พินิจพิจารณา)

1. (similar) คล้าย chaperon, escort, convoy, accompany แต่ pursue=ไล่ติดตามเพื่อจับ, ฆ่า, หรือเอาชนะ บางครั้งหมายถึงติดตามการสั่งการ การทำงานว่ามีผลคืบหน้าไปถึงไหนแล้วก็ได้ : The police pursued the escaped prisoner.= เจ้าหน้าที่ตำรวจได้ติดตามนักโทษที่หลบหนี ; They pursued the thief along the road.= พวกเขาได้ติดตามขโมยไปตามถนน


Related Links

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@ The English Blog > Obama’s Inauguration Speech

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> http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2009/01/obamas-inaugural-address-subtitled-in-3.html


Obama’s Inauguration Speech Part 1-2

Listening Only (No Scripts)

Obama Inaugural Address,January 20,2009

สุนทรพจน์ พิธีสาบานตนเข้ารับตำแหน่งประธานาธิบดี

Part1/2

Part 2/2


Obama’s Inauguration Speech Lessons (7 Parts)

Transcripts (English -Thai)

My fellow citizens,

พลเมืองที่รักของข้าพเจ้า,

I stand here today humbled by the task before us,

กระผมยืนอยู่ที่นี่ในวันนี้ ด้วยนอบน้อมต่อภารกิจที่อยู่เบื้องหน้าเรา,

grateful for the trust you have bestowed,

ซาบซึ้งต่อความไว้วางใจที่ท่านมอบให้,

mindful of the sacrifices borne by our ancestors.

ใส่ใจต่อความเสียสละที่บรรพบุรุษของพวกเราเคยแบกรับไว้

I thank President Bush for his service to our nation,

กระผมขอขอบคุณท่านประธานาธิบดีบุชสำหรับการรับใช้ชาติบ้านเมืองของท่าน,

as well as the generosity and cooperation he has shown throughout this

transition.

อีกทั้งความใจกว้างและความร่วมมือที่ท่านได้แสดงออกมาตลอดช่วงระยะการส่งมอบ

ตำแหน่งในครั้งนี้

Forty-four Americans have now taken the presidential oath.

จวบจนวันนี้

มีชาวอเมริกันทั้งสิ้นสี่สิบสี่คนได้กล่าวคำสาบานเพื่อรับตำแหน่ง

ประธานาธิบดี

The words have been spoken during rising tides of prosperity and the

still waters of peace.

ถ้อยคำเหล่านั้นได้กล่าวออกมาในสถานะการณ์แห่งความรุ่งเรืองและความสงบเรียบ

ร้อยของบ้านเมือง

Yet, every so often the oath is taken amidst gathering clouds and

raging storms.

แต่กระนั้น,มีหลายครั้งหลายคราที่คำสาบานนั้นๆ

ได้กล่าวขึ้นท่ามกลางสภาพการณ์ของบ้านเมืองที่

ระส่ำระสายดุจพายุที่โหมกระหน่ำ

At these moments, America has carried on not simply because of the skill

or vision of those

in high office,

ในช่วงเวลาเหล่านี้,อเมริกาได้ผ่านหลายยุคหลายสมัยมาได้มิใช่แค่เพียงเพราะ

ความสามารถหรือวิสัย

ทัศน์ของกลุ่มคนที่อยู่ในทำเนียบรัฐบาล,

but because We, the People, have remained faithful to the ideals of our

forbearers,

แต่เนื่องด้วยเราชาวอเมริกันยังคงดำรงศรัทธาที่มีต่ออุดมการณ์ของบรรพบุรุษ,

and true to our founding documents.

และเชื่อมั่นในเอกสารการสถาปนาประเทศอยู่นั่นเอง

So it has been. So it must be with this generation of Americans.

ด้วยเหตุนี้ชาติเราจึงได้ดำเนินมา

และจะยังคงดำรงต่อไปโดยอเมริกันชนในรุ่นของเรา

That we are in the midst of crisis is now well understood.

ขณะนี้พวกเราเข้าใจกันดีว่าพวกเรากำลังอยู่ในท่ามกลางวิกฤติ

Our nation is at war, against a far-reaching network of violence and

hatred.

ประเทศของเรากำลังอยู่ในสงคราม,กับเครือข่ายของความรุนแรงและเกลียดชังที่

เข้าถึงได้ยาก

Our economy is badly weakened, a consequence of greed and

irresponsibility on the part of

some,จากความโลภและความไม่รับผิดชอบในส่วนนั้นของใครบางคน,

เศรษฐกิจของเรากำลังอ่อนแออย่างรุนแรง,ซึ่งเป็นผลมา

but also our collective failure to make hard choices and prepare the

nation for a new age.

แต่ความล้มเหลวที่สะสมกันมายังได้ทำให้เกิดทางเลือกที่ยากลำบากและตระเตรียม

ประเทศไปสู่ยุคใหม่

Homes have been lost; jobs shed; businesses shuttered.

ผู้คนไร้บ้าน; หลายคนสูญเสียงาน; ธุรกิจมากมายต้องปิดตัวลง

Our health care is too costly;

ระบบประกันสุขภาพของเราก็แพงเกินไป;

our schools fail too many;

โรงเรียนของเราล้มเหลวมากเกินไป;

and each day brings further evidence that the ways we use energy

strengthen our

adversaries and threaten our planet.

และในแต่ละวันจะมีหลักฐานใหม่ชี้ให้เห็นว่าวถีที่เราใช้พลังงานนั้น

มันทำให้คู่ต่อสู้ของเราเข้มแข็งและ

คุกคามต่อโลกของเรา

These are the indicators of crisis, subject to data and statistics.

เหล่านี้คือตัวบ่งชี้วิกฤติ,ที่จัดเก็บได้จากข้อมูลและสถิติ

Less measurable but no less profound

แต่สิ่งที่ชี้วัดได้นั้นน้อยกว่า

หากแต่มิได้มีความลึกซึ้งสำคัญยิ่งหย่อนไปกว่ากัน

is a sapping of confidence across our land

นั่นคือ ความเชื่อมั่นของประชาชนที่ถูกกัดกร่อนไปทั่วทุกหัวระแหง

– a nagging fear that America’s decline is inevitable,

– นั่นคือความกลัวเชิงประชดประชันที่ว่าการถดถอยของอเมริกา

นั้นเป็นสิ่งที่หลีกเลี่ยงไม่ได้,

and that the next generation must lower its sights.

และคนรุ่นหลังต้องเจียมตนมากขึ้นกว่าเดิม


Today I say to you that the challenges we face are real.

วันนี้กระผมขอกล่าวกับทุกท่านว่า

ความท้าทายต่างๆที่เรากำลังเผชิญอยู่นั้นมันเป็นเรื่องจริง

They are serious and they are many.

มันร้ายแรงและมันมีจำนวนมากมาย They will not be met easily or in a short

span of time.

ปัญหาเหล่านี้มิอาจแก้ได้อย่างง่ายดายในระยะเวลาอันสั้น

But know this, America — they will be met.

แต่จงรับรู้ไว้เถิดครับ,ชาวอเมริกัน-ว่าสักวันปัญหาเหล่านี้จะถูกขจัดสิ้นไป

On this day, we gather because we have chosen hope over fear,

ในวันนี้,พวกเรามารวมกันเพราะว่าพวกเราเลือกความหวังให้อยู่เหนือความกลัว,

unity of purpose over conflict and discord.

ความเป็นหนึ่งเดียวของเป้าประสงค์เหนือความขัดแย้งและความไม่ลงรอยกัน

On this day, we come to proclaim an end to the petty grievances and

false promises,

ในวันนี้,เรามาที่นี่เพื่อประกาศอวสานของความขุ่นเคืองใจเล็กๆน้อยๆและคำ

มั่นสัญญาอันเป็นเท็จ,

the recriminations and worn out dogmas,

การกล่าวโทษกันเองและหลักการต่างๆที่หมดสมัย

that for far too long have strangled our politics.

ซึ่งได้ถ่วงความก้าวหน้าทางการเมืองของชาติเรามานานแสนนาน

We remain a young nation,

เรายังคงเป็นประเทศที่อ่อนเยาว์,

but in the words of Scripture, the time has come to set aside childish

things.

แต่ตามคำกล่าวในพระคัมภีร์,มันถึงเวลาแล้วที่เราจะละเว้นเรื่องที่อ่อนหัด

เสียที

The time has come to reaffirm our enduring spirit;

มันถึงเวลาแล้วที่จะยืนยันถึงจิตวิญญาณอันทรหดอดทนของพวกเรา;

to choose our better history;

เพื่อที่จะเลือกประวัติศาสตร์ที่ดีขึ้นของพวกเรา;

to carry forward that precious gift,

เพื่อที่จะได้นำพาพรสวรรค์อันทรงคุณค่า,

that noble idea, passed on from generation to generation:

ความคิดอันสูงส่ง,ส่งต่อไปจากรุ่นสู่รุ่น :

the God-given promise นั่นคือคำมั่นสัญญาจากพระผู้เป็นเจ้าที่ว่า

that all are equal,

ทุกๆคนต่างเท่าเทียมกัน,

all are free,

ทุกๆคนต่างเป็นอิสระ,

and all deserve a chance to pursue their full measure of happiness.

และทุกๆคนสมควรได้รับโอกาสที่จะบรรลุความสุขอันเปี่ยมล้นของพวกเขา


In reaffirming the greatness of our nation,

ในการยืนยันถึงความยิ่งใหญ่ของชาติเรานั้น,

we understand that greatness is never a given.

พวกเราเข้าใจว่าความยิ่งใหญ่นั้นใช่จะได้มาเองง่ายๆ

It must be earned.

หากต้องขนขวายเพื่อให้ได้มา

Our journey has never been one of short-cuts or settling for less.

เส้นทางที่เราเดินมานั้นไม่เคยแม้นสักครั้งที่จะเป็นเพียงแค่ทางลัดหรือปรา

สจากการไตร่ตรอง

It has not been the path for the faint-hearted

ไม่เคยเป็นกระทั่งเส้นทางสำหรับคนขลาด

— for those who prefer leisure over work,

— คนที่เลือกความสุขสบายมากกว่าภาระหน้าที่,

or seek only the pleasures of riches and fame.

หรือเสาะแสวงหาความสุนทรีย์จากความร่ำรวยและชื่อเสียงเกียรติยศ

Rather, it has been the risk-takers, the doers, the makers of things

หากแต่เป็นเส้นทางสำหรับผู้กล้า,นักปฏิบัติ,และผู้รังสรรค์สิ่งต่างๆ

-some celebrated but more often

-หลายต่อหลายคนได้รับการยกย่องสรรเสริญ

men and women obscure in their labor,

แต่ยังมีบุรุษสตรีอีกมากมายที่ต้องเหน็ดเหนื่อยอยู่เบื้องหลัง

-who have carried us up the long,

-เพื่อนำพาเราผ่านเส้นทางอันยาวไกล

rugged path towards prosperityand freedom.

ไปสู่ความเจริญรุ่งเรืองและอิสรภาพ เส้นทางที่มิได้โรยด้วยกลีบกุหลาบ

For us, they packed up their few worldly possessions and traveled

across oceans in search of a new life.

เพื่อพวกเรา,เขาเหล่านั้นได้เก็บประสพการณ์อันล้ำค่าและออกเดินทางข้าม

น้ำข้ามทะเลเพื่อแสวงหาชีวิตใหม่

For us, they toiled in sweatshops and settled the West;

เพื่อพวกเรา,พวกเขาเหน็ดเหนื่อยในโรงงานนรก และสร้างประเทศตะวันตกขึ้นมา;

endured the lash of the whip and plowed the hard earth.

อดทนต่อปลายแส้และตรากตรำขุดผืนแผ่นดินที่แห้งผาก

For us, they fought and died,

เพื่อพวกเรา,พวกเขาต่อสู้และล้มตาย,

in places like Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sahn.

ในหลายสถานที่เช่น Concord and Gettysburg; Normandy and Khe Sahn.

Time and again these men and women struggled and sacrificed and

worked till their hands were raw so that we might live a better life.

They saw America as bigger than the sum of our individual

ambitions;greater than all the differences of birth or wealth or

faction.

ครั้งแล้วครั้งเล่าที่บุรุษและสตรีเหล่านี้ดิ้นรนและสังเวยและทำงานจน

กระทั่งมือของพวกเขาต้องแสบร้าว จนกระทั่ง พวกเราได้มีชีวิตที่ดีขึ้น

พวกเขามองอเมริกาว่าใหญ่โตกว่ายอดรวมกันของความทะเยอทะยานส่วนบุคคลของพวก

เรา;

ยิ่งใหญ่กว่าความแตกต่างด้านชาติกำเนิด,ความรวย(จน)หรือความเป็นฝักฝ่ายทั้ง

หมด


This is the journey we continue today. We remain the most prosperous,

powerful nation on Earth. Ourworkers are no less productive than when

this crisis began. Our minds are no less inventive, our goods and

services no less needed than they were last week or last month or last

year. Our capacity remainsundiminished. But our time of standing pat, of

protecting narrow interests and putting off unpleasant decisions — that

time has surely passed.Starting today, we must pick ourselves up, dust

ourselves off,and begin again the work of remaking America.

นี่คือการเดินทางที่พวกเรายังดำเนินต่อไปในวันนี้

พวกเรายังคงเป็นประเทศที่รุ่งเรืองที่สุด,มีพลังอำนาจมากที่สุดในโลก

คนงานของพวกเราไม่ได้ด้อยประสิทธิภาพไปกว่าเมื่อวิกฤตินี้เริ่มต้นขึ้น

จิตใจของพวกเราไม่ได้ช่างคิดค้นน้อยลง,สินค้าและบริการของพวกเราไม่ได้เป็น

ที่ต้องการน้อยลงกว่าเมื่ออาทิตย์ที่แล้วหรือเดือนที่แล้วหรือปีที่แล้ว

ความสามารถของพวกเรายังคงไม่ได้ลดลงไป    แต่ช่วงเวลาที่หยุดนิ่งของพวกเรา

,ของการปกป้องผลประโยชน์ในวงแคบๆและการเลื่อนการตัดสินใจที่ต้องเจ็บปวด—

เวลาเช่นนั้นได้ผ่านไปแล้วอย่างแน่นอน

เริ่มใหม่ในวันนี้,พวกเราจะต้องปลุกตัวเองขึ้นมา,ปัดฝุ่นในตนเองออกไป

และเริ่มต้นสร้างอเมริกาใหม่อีกครั้งหนึ่ง

For everywhere we look, there is work to be done. The state of the

economy calls for action,bold and swift, and we will act — not only to

create new jobs, but to lay a new foundationfor growth. We will build

the roads and bridges, the electric grids and digital lines that feedour

commerce and bind us  together. We will restore science to its rightful

place, and wield technology’s wonders to raise health care’s quality

and lower its cost. We will harness thesun and the winds and the soil to

fuel our cars and run our factories. And we will transform our schools

and colleges and universities to meet the demands of a new age. All this

we cando. All this we will do.

ในทุกๆที่ที่เรามองไป,มันมีงานที่ต้องทำเศรษฐกิจของชาติต้องการการดำเนิน

การใดๆ,ที่เด่นชัดและฉับพลัน

และพวกเราจะทำ-ไม่เพียงเพื่อสร้างงานใหม่,แต่เพื่อวางรากฐานใหม่สำหรับการ

เติบโตเราจะสร้างถนนและสะพาน, ระบบไฟฟ้าและสายเชื่อมต่อดิจิตอล

ที่ส่งเสริมการค้าของเราและ รวมเราเข้าไว้ด้วยกัน

เจะรื้อฟื้นงานด้านวิทยาศาสตร์ให้อยู่ในจุดที่ถูกต้อง,และใช้ความมหัศจรรย์

ด้านเทคโนโลยี่เพื่อที่จะยกระดับคุณภาพด้านสาธารณสุขและลดค่าใช้จ่ายลง

เราจะใช้ประโยชน์จากดวงอาทิตย์และลมและพื้นดินเพื่อที่จะเป็นเชื้อเพลิงให้

กับรถยนต์และโรงงานของเราและเราจะปฏิรูปโรงเรียนและวิทยาลัยและมหาวิทยาลัย

ของเราเพื่อที่จะตอบสนองต่อความต้องการของยุคใหม่ ทั้งหมดนี้พวกเราทำได้

ทั้งหมดนี้พวกเราจะทำ

Now, there are some who question the scale of our ambitions — who

suggest that oursystem cannot tolerate too many big plans. Their

memories are short. For they have forgotten what this country has

already done; what free men and women can achieve when imagination is

joined to common purpose,and necessity to courage.

ขณะนี้,มีคนบางคนที่สงสัยในขนาดของความทะเยอทะยานของพวกเรา–ผู้ซึ่งแนะ

ว่าระบบของเราไม่สามารถที่จะทนรับต่อแผนการณ์ใหญ่จำนวนมากมาย

ความจำของพวกเขาสั้นไป

สั้นไปที่พวกเขาลืมไปว่าประเทศนี้ได้ทำอะไรลงไปบ้างแล้ว;

สิ่งที่ชายและหญิงที่เสรีทั้งหลายได้บรรลุเมื่อจินตนาการได้รวมเข้ากับเป้า

ประสงค์ร่วมกันและ สิ่งจำเป็นสำหรับความกล้าหาญ

What the cynics fail to understand is that the ground has shifted

beneath them— that thestale political arguments that have consumed us

for so long no longer apply. The question we ask today is not whether

our government is too big or too small, but whether it works —whether it

helps families find jobs at a decent wage, care they can afford, a

retirement that is dignified. Where the answer is yes, we intend to move

forward. Where the answer is no,programs will end. And those of us who

manage the public’s dollars will be held to account— to spend wisely,

reform bad habits, and do our business in the light of day — becauseonly

then can we restore the vital trust between a people and their

government.

สิ่งที่พวกชอบเยาะเย้ยไม่เข้าใจคือพื้นโลกใต้เท้าพวกเขาได้เปลี่ยนไปแล้ว

–การถกเถียงทางการเมืองที่น่าเบื่อที่กินเวลาพวกเรามาอย่างยาวนานจะไม่มี

อีกแล้ว  คำถามที่เราถามในวันนี้ไม่ใช่ว่ารัฐบาลของเราใหญ่หรือเล็กเกินไป,

แต่มันทำงานได้หรือเปล่าต่างหาก–มันช่วยเหลือครอบครัวต่างๆให้หางานทำที่

ค่าแรงเหมาะสม,มีการดูแลสุขภาพที่พวกเขาสามารถจ่ายได้,การเกษียณอย่างมี

เกียรติได้หรือเปล่า เมื่อคำตอบคือได้,เราตั้งใจที่จะเดินไปข้างหน้า

เมื่อคำตอบคือไม่ได้,ทุกอย่างก็จบ

และคนของเราที่ดูแลจัดการกับเงินภาษีของประชาชนจะต้องถูกควบคุมให้น่าเชื่อ

ถือ—ที่จะใช้เงินอย่างชาญฉลาด,ที่จะปรับแก้นิสัยที่ไม่ดีและที่จะทำงานของ

เราอย่างโปร่งใส–เพราะว่ามีเพียงสิ่งเหล่านี้เท่านั้นที่จะฟื้นคืนความ

เชื่อถือที่จำเป็นระหว่างประชาชนกับรัฐบาลของเขา

Nor is the question before us whether the market is a force for good

or ill. Its power togenerate wealth and expand freedom is unmatched, but

this crisis has reminded us thatwithout a watchful eye, the market can

spin out of control — and that a nation cannotprosper long when it

favors only the prosperous. The success of our economy has

alwaysdepended not just on the size of our Gross Domestic Product, but

on the reach of ourprosperity; on the ability to extend opportunity to

every willing heart —not out of charity, butbecause it is the surest

route to our common good.

ไม่ว่าคำถามที่อยู่ต่อหน้าพวกเราจะคือตลาดจะเป็นแรงผลักดันไปสู่ความดี

หรือเลว

พลังของมันที่จะสรรค์สร้างความมั่งคั่งกับการขยายเสรีภาพนั้นมันหาสิ่ง

เปรียบไม่ได้,

แต่วิกฤตินี้ก็ได้ก็ได้ย้ำเตือนพวกเราว่าถ้าปราศจากสายตาที่เฝ้ามองตลาดจะ

ออกไปนอกการควบคุม–และประเทศจะไม่สามารถรุ่งเรืองอย่างยาวนานได้เมื่อตลาด

นั้นตอบสนองต่อแค่ผู้ที่มั่งคั่งเท่านั้น

ความสำเสร็จทางด้านเศรษฐกิจของเราไม่ได้ขึ้นอยู่กับขนาดของจีดีพีเท่านั้น

แต่ขึ้นอยู่กับการเข้าถึงของพวกเราในความรุ่งเรืองนี้;

ในความสามารถที่จะขยายโอกาสออกไปสู่ทุกๆจิตใจที่มีความปารถนา—ไม่ใช่เพิกเฉย

ต่อความเอื้อเฟื้อเผื่อแผ่,แต่เพราะว่ามันเป็นวิถีที่มั่นใจที่สุดที่จะไป

สู่ผลประโยชน์โดยรวม


As for our common defense, we rejectas false

the choice between our safety and our ideals.

เพื่อเป็นการป้องกันผลประโยชน์โดยรวมของพวกเรา,พวกเรา

ปฏเสธความผิดพลาดในการเลือกระหว่างความปลอดภัยของพวกเราและอุดมคติของพวกเรา

Our Founding Fathers, faced with perils we can scarcely imagine,

drafted a charter toassure the rule of law and the rights of man, a

charter expanded by the blood of generations. Those ideals still light

the world,and we will not give them up for expedience’ssake. And so to

all other peoples and governments who are watching today, from

thegrandest capitals to the small village where my father was born: know

that America is afriend of each nation and every man, woman, and child

who seeks a future of peace and dignity, and we are ready to lead once

more.

บิดาผู้ก่อตั้งประเทศของเรา,ได้เผชิญกับภัยอันตรายที่พวกเราแทบจินตนาการ

ไม่ได้,ได้ร่างกฏบัตรหนึ่งเพื่อที่จะทำให้มั่นใจไดถึงหลักแห่งกฏหมาย

และสิทธิของคน,

กฏบัตรหนึ่งที่ต้องใช้เลือดเนื้อของคนหลายรุ่นเพื่อให้ได้รับการบังคับใช้

อย่างกว้างขวาง อุดมคติ เหล่านั้นยังคงสร้างความสว่างไสวให้กับโลกนี้

และพวกเราจะไม่ยกเลิกมันเพียงเพื่อหลีกเลี่ยงความยุ่งยาก

และเหมือนกันที่ประชาชนและรัฐบาลอื่นๆซึ่ง

กำลังดูเราอยู่ในวันนี้,จากเหมืองหลวงที่ยิ่งใหญ่ที่สุดไปสู่หมู่บ้านเล็กๆ

ที่ซึ่งเป็นที่เกิดของบิดาข้าพเจ้า:

รู้ว่าอเมริกาเป็นเพื่อนกับทุกประเทศและสุภาพบุรูษทุกคน,สุภาพสตรีทุกคนและ

เด็กๆทุกคน

ผู้ซึ่งกำลังค้นหาอนาคตของสันติภาพและเกียรติยศ,และพวกเราพร้อมที่จะเป็นผู้

นำอีกครั้งหนึ่ง

Recall that earlier generations faced down fascism and communism not

just with missiles and tanks, but with sturdy alliances and enduring

convictions. They understood that ourpower alone cannot protect us,nor

does it entitle us to do as we please. Instead, they knewthat our power

grows through its prudent use; our security emanates from the justness

of our cause, the force of our example, the tempering qualities of

humility and restraint.

หวนไปถึงชนรุ่นก่อนๆที่ได้เผชิญหน้ากับลัทธิฟาสซิสต์และลัทธิคอมมิวนิสต์

ไม่ใช่แค่ด้วยจรวดและรถถังเท่านั้น,แต่ด้วยพันธมิตรที่แข็งแกร่งและความ

เชื่อมั่นที่ทรหด

พวกเขาเข้าใจว่าอำนาจของพวกเราเพียงผู้เดียวไม่สามารถปกป้องเราได้หรือไม่

ใช่เป็นเรื่องของเราที่จะทำตามที่เราปารถนา

แต่พวกเขารู้ว่าอำนาจของพวกเราจะมีพลังเพิ่มขึ้นผ่านการใช้ที่รอบคอบ;ความ

ปลอดภัยของพวกเราเกิดมาจากความเป็นธรรมที่พวกเราได้ทำลงไป,

กำลังนี้ของแบบอย่างของพวกเรา

คุณสมบัติของความอ่อนน้อมและความยับยั้งชั่งใจที่กำลังเข้มแข็งขึ้น

We are the keepers of this legacy. Guided by these principles once

more, we can meetthose new threats that demand even greater effort —

even greater cooperation and understanding between nations. We will

begin to responsibly leave Iraq to its people, andforge a hard-earned

peace in Afghanistan. With old friends and former foes, we will work

tirelessly to lessen the nuclear threat, and roll back the specter of a

warming planet. We willnot apologize for our way of life, nor will we

waver in its defense, and for those who seek to advance their aims by

inducing terror and slaughtering innocents, we say to you now thatour

spirit is stronger and cannot be broken; you cannot outlast us, and we

will defeat you

พวกเราคือผู้รักษาไว้ซึ่งตำนานนี้

โดยใช้แนวทางจากหลัการพวกนี้อีกครั้งหนึ่ง,พวกเราสามารถจัดการกับความคุก

คามใหม่ๆที่ต้องการความอุตสาหะที่ยิ่งใหญ่ขึ้นอย่างมาก–ความร่วมมือและความ

เข้าใจที่มากขึ้นระหว่างชาติต่างๆเราจะปล่อยอิรักให้กับประชาชนของเขาปกครอง

กันเองอย่างที่เรามีความรับผิดชอบ,

และพยายามที่จะสร้างสันติภาพที่ได้มาอย่างยากเย็นในอัฟกานิสถาน

ด้วยสหายเก่าๆและอดีตปรปักษ์,

พวกเราจะทำงานอย่างไม่เหน็ดเหนื่อยเพื่อที่จะลดภัยคุกคามจากอาวุธนิวเคลียร์

,และจะลดความเลวร้ายของโลกที่กำลังร้อนขึ้น

พวกเราจะไม่ขอโทษในวิถีชีวิตของพวกเรา,หรือจะไม่โลเลในการปกป้องมัน,และ

สำหรับคนเหล่านั้นผู้ซึ่งกำลังหาทางที่จะบรรลุเป้าหมายด้วยการนำมาซึ่งความ

หวาดกลัวและการเข่นฆ่ผู้บริสุทธ์,

พวกเราบอกกับพวกคุณว่าจิตวิญญาณของพวกเรานั้นแข็งแกร่งกว่าคุณและจะไม่ถูก

ทำลายลง; คุณจะไม่ชนะพวกเรา, และพวกเราจะเอาชนะคุณ


For we know that our patchwork heritage is a strength, not a

weakness. We are a nation ofChristians and Muslims, Jews and Hindus —

and non-believers. We are shaped by every language and culture,drawn

from every end of this Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter

swill of civil war and segregation, and emerged from that dark chapter

stronger and more united, we cannot help but believe that the old

hatreds shall someday pass; that the lines of tribe shall soon dissolve;

that as the world grows smaller, our common humanity shall reveal

itself; and that America must play its role in ushering in a new era of

peace.

เรารู้ว่ามรดกแห่งการร้อยเรียงชิ้นส่วนเล็กให้เป็นสิ่งใหญ่ของเรานั้นคือ

ความเข้มแข็ง,ไม่ใช่ความอ่อนแอ

เราเป็นประเทศของคนนับถือศาสนาคริสต์และมุสลิม,ยิวและฮินดู—และผู้ไม่นับถือ

ศาสนา เราถูกสร้าง

ขึ้นด้วยทุกๆภาษาและวัฒนธรรม,ที่ถูกดึงมาจากทุกๆขอบเขตของโลกนี้;

และเพราะว่าเราได้ลิ้มรสความ

ขมขื่นอย่างมากของสงครามกลางเมืองและการแบ่งแยกเชื้อชาติ,และโผล่ออกมาจาก

ช่วงเวลาแห่ง ความมืดมิดด้วยความเข้มแข็งขึ้น

และเป็นหนึ่งเดียวกันมากขึ้น,เราไม่สามารถทำอะไรได้แต่เราเชื่อว่าความ

เกลียดชังเก่าๆจะผ่านไปในวันใดวันหนึ่ง;

เส้นแบ่งของเชื้อชาติจะแก้ไขได้ในไม่ช้า;เมื่อโลกเล็ก

ลงเรื่อยๆ,มนุษยธรรมโดยรวมของพวกเราก็จะเผยตัวตนออกมา;และนั่นอเมริกาจะต้อง

เล่นบทในการนำไปสู่ในยุคใหม่แห่งสันติภาพ

To the Muslim world, we seek a new way forward, based on mutual

interest and mutual respect. To in a new era of peace.those leaders

around the globe who seek to sow conflict, or blame their society’s ills

on the West —know that your people will judge you on what youcan build,

not what you destroy. To those who cling to power through corruption

and deceit and the silencing of dissent, know that you are on the wrong

side of history; but that we will extend a hand if you are willing to

unclench your fist.

ถึงโลกมุสลิม,เราจะค้นหาแนวทางใหม่ที่จะเดินหน้าไป,บนพื้นฐานของผล

ประโยชน์ของทั้งสองฝ่าย และการเคารพซึ่งกันและกัน

ถึงผู้นำต่างๆรอบๆโลกผู้ซึ่งกำลังหาทางที่จะแพร่กระจายความขัดแย้ง,หรือ

โทษว่าสิ่งที่ไม่ดีในสังคมของพวกเขาเกิดประเทศตะวันตก—ได้รู้ว่าประชาชนของ

คุณจะตัดสินคุณที่สิ่ง ที่คุณสร้าง,ไม่ใช่สิ่งที่คุณทำลาย

ถึงผู้นำที่เกาะติดอยู่กับ อำนาจด้วยการคอรัปชั่นและการหลอกลวง

และการปกปิดความขัดแย้ง,ได้รู้ว่าคุณกำลังอยู่ในข้างที่ผิดของประวัติศาสตร์

; แต่พวกเราจะยื่นมือออก ไปช่วยเหลือถ้าคุณปารถนาที่จะแบมือออกมา

To the people of poor nations, we pledge to work alongside you to

make your farms flourish and let clean waters flow; to nourish starved

bodies and feed hungry minds. And to those nations like ours that enjoy

relative plenty, we say we can no longer afford indifference to

suffering outside our borders; nor can we with it.

ถึงประชาชนของประเทศที่ยากจน,เราสัญยาด้วยเกียรติว่าจะทำงานร่วมกับท่าน

ที่จะทำให้เกษตรกรรม

ของท่านอุดมสมบูรณ์และจะทำให้น้ำสะอาดได้ไหลไป;เพื่อที่จะเลี้ยงดูร่างกาย

ที่อดอยากและหล่อเลี้ยงจิตใจที่หิวโหย

และถึงประเทศที่หมือนกับเราที่มีความสุขอยู่กับความอุดมสมบูรณืเมื่อเทียบ

กับ

ประเทศอื่นๆ,เราจะบอกว่าเราจะไม่สามารถทนรับได้ในการเพิกเฉยต่อความเจ็บปวด

นอกพรมแดนของพวกเราได้อีกต่อไป;

หรือเราไม่สามารถบริโภคทรัพยากรของโลกโดยไม่สนใจต่อผลกระทบที่เกิดขึ้นเมื่อ

โลกได้เปลี่ยนไปแล้ว,และรวมจะต้องเปลี่ยน ตามมันไป


As we consider the road that unfolds before us, we remember with

humble gratitude those brave Americans who, at this very hour, patrol

far-off deserts and distant mountains. They have something to tell us,

just as the fallen heroes who lie in Arlington whisper through the ages.

We honor them not only because they are guardians of our liberty, but

because they embody the spirit of service; a willingness to find meaning

in something greater than themselves. And yet, at this moment — a

moment that will define a generation — it is precisely this spirit that

must inhabit us all.

เมื่อเราคำนึงถึงถนนที่แผ่ออกไปต่อหน้าพวกเรา,

พวกเราระลึกถึงด้วยความกตัญญูอย่างอ่อนน้อมต่อ ชาวอเมริกัน

ผู้ซึ่ง,ณ.ทุกๆชั่วโมงนี้,ที่ปฏิบัติงานอยู่ที่ทะเลทรายที่ห่างไกลและบน

เทือกเขาที่ไกลดพ้นพวกเขามีบางอย่างที่จะบอกพวกเรา,เหมือนกับที่วีรบุรุษที่

ล่วงลับไปที่นอนอยู่ที่อาร์ลิงตันได้กระซิบผ่านมาหลายช่วงยุค

พวกเราให้เกียรติ

พวกเขาไม่เพียงเพราะว่าพวกเราดูแลป้องกันเสรีภาพของพวกเรา,แต่เพราะว่าพวก

เขาได้ใส่จิตวิญญาณลงไปในภาระกิจ;ความปารถนาที่จะค้นหาความหมายในบางสิ่งที่

ยิ่งใหญ่กว่าตัวพวกเขาเอง และ ,ณ.ขณะนี้–ขณะที่สิ่งนั้นจะ

นิยามรุ่นคน–มันแน่ชัดว่าจิตวิญญาญนี้จะตราตรึงอยู่ในจิตใจของพวกเรา

For as much as government can do and must do, it is ultimately the

faith and determination of the American people upon which this nation

relies. It is the kindness to take in a stranger when the levees break,

the selflessness of workers who would rather cut their hours than see a

friend lose their job which sees us through our darkest hours. It is the

firefighter’s courage to storm a stairway filled with smoke,but also a

parent’s willingness to nurture achild, that finally decides our fate.

สำหรับสิ่งมากมายที่รัฐบาลสามรถทำได้และต้องทำนั้น,มันคือความศรัทธาและ

ตั้งมั่นอันสูงสุดของประชาชนอเมริกันที่ซึ่งประเทศนี้ต้องพึงพามัน

มันเป็นความเมตตาที่จะรับคนแปลกหน้าเข้ามาเมื่อเขื่อนแตก,ความไม่เห็นแก่ตัว

ของผู้ใช้แรงงานผู้ซึ่งยอมให้ลดชั่วโมงการทำงานของเขาดีกว่าที่จะเห็นเพื่อน

ต้องตกงานซึ่ง(ความไม่เห็นแก่ตัวนี้)จะเป็นคุณสมบัติของพวกเราในยามที่มืด

มิด

มันเป็นความกล้าหาญของนักดับเพลิงที่ลุยฝ่าเข้าไปในช่องบันไดที่เต็มไปด้วย

หมอกควัน,แต่ความปารถนาของพ่อแม่ที่จะเลี้ยงดูลูกก็เป็นความกล้าหาญเช่นกัน

,ซึ่งจะเป็นการกำหนดชะตากรรมของพวกเราในที่สุด

Our challenges may be new. The instruments with which we meet them

may be new. Butthose values upon which our success depends — honesty and

hard work, courage and fairplay, tolerance and curiosity, loyalty and

patriotism — these things are old. These things aretrue. They have been

the quiet,force of progress throughout our history. What is demanded

then is a return to these truths. What is required of us now is a new

era of responsibility — arecognition, on the part of every American,

that we have duties to ourselves, our nation,and the world, duties that

we do not grudgingly accept but rather seize gladly, firm in the

knowledge that there is nothing so satisfying to the spirit, so defining

of our character, than giving our all to a difficult task.

ความท้าทายของพวกเราอาจจะเป็นสิ่งใหม่

เครื่องมือที่ทำให้พวกเราเผชิญกับมันได้มันก็อาจจะเป็นสิ่งใหม่

แต่คุณค่าเหล่านั้นซึ่งเป็นตัวกำหนดความสำเร็จของพวกเรา—ความซื่อสัตย์และ

การทำงานหนัก,

ความกล้าหาญและความยุติธรรมความอดทนอดกลั้นและความอยากรู้อยากเห็น,ความซื่อ

สัตย์และความรักชาติ—สิ่งเหล่านี้นั้นเป็นสิ่งเก่าแก่

สิ่งเหล่านี้เป็นของจริงแท้

มันได้เป็นพลังเงียบของความก้าวหน้าตลอดช่วงประวัติศาสตร์ของพวกเรา

สิ่งที่ต้องใช้ในขณะนั้นกลายมาเป็นความจริงเหล่านี้ สิ่งที่ต้องการ

จากพวกเราในขณะนี้คือยุคใหม่ของความรับผิดชอบ—ความสำนึกอันหนึ่ง,ในส่วน

ของอเมริกันทุกคน,ว่าเรามีหน้าที่ต่อตนเอง,ต่อประเทศของเรา,และต่อโลกนี้

,หน้าที่ที่พวกเราไม่ใช่แค่ค่อยๆยอมรับแต่ต้องฉกฉวยมันไว้อย่างเต็มใจ,แน่ว

แน่ในความรู้ที่ว่าไม่มีอะไรที่จะตอบสนองความพอใจอย่างมากมายต่อจิตต์วิญญาณ

,

ไม่มีอะไรที่บ่งบอกถึงคุณลักษณะได้ดีของพวกเรา,ได้เท่าการให้พวกเราได้ทำงาน

ยากๆ

This is the price and the promise of citizenship.

นี่เป็นต้นทุนที่และเป็นสัญญาของการเป็นพลเมือง

This is the source of our confidence— the knowledge that God calls on

us to shape an uncertain destiny.

นี่เป็นแหล่งของความเชื่อมั่นของพวกเรา–ความรู้นี้ซึ่งพระเจ้าประทานให้

เราเพื่อที่จะจัดการกับโชคชะตาที่ไม่แน่นอน

This is the meaning of our liberty and our creed — why men and women

and children of every race and every faith can join in celebration

across this magnificent mall, and why a man whose father less than sixty

years ago might not have been served at a local restaurant can now

stand before you to take a most sacred oath.

นี่เป็นความหมายของเสรีภาพของพวกเราและหลักความเชื่อของพวกเรา–ว่าทำไม

ชายและหญิงและ

เด็กๆของทุกๆเชื้อชาติและทุกๆความเชื่อสามารถมารวมอยู่ด้วยกันเต็มสนามที่

สง่างามแห่งนี้,และทำไม

ผู้ชายคนหนึ่งที่บิดาของเขาเมื่อน้อยกว่าหกสิบปีที่แล้วอาจจะไม่ได้รับการ

ต้อนรับที่ร้านอาหารของท้องถิ่นแห่งหนึ่ง

ขณะนี้เขาสามารถมายืนต่อหน้าคุณเพื่อที่จะทำพิธีสาบานตนที่ศักดิ์สิทธิ์ที่

สุด


So let us mark this day with remembrance, of who we are and how far

we have traveled. In the year of America’s birth, in the coldest of

months, a small band of patriots huddled by dying campfires on the

shores of an icy river. The capital was abandoned. The enemy

wasadvancing. The snow was stained shores of an icy river. The capital

was abandoned. The enemy was advancing. The snow was stained  with

blood. At a moment when the outcomeof our revolution was most in doubt,

the father of our nation ordered these words be read to the people:

ดังนั้นขอให้พวกเราทำเครื่องหมายวันนี้ด้วยความจดจำ,ว่าเราเป็นใครและเรา

เดินทางมาไกลเพียงใด ในปีที่

อเมริกาถือกำเนิดขึ้นมา,ในช่วงที่หนาวที่สุดของหลายๆเดือน,กลุ่มผู้รัก

ชาติกลุ่มเล็กๆเกาะกลุ่มกันใกล้กองไฟที่กำลังมอดลงบนชายฝั่งแม่น้ำที่เย็นจน

เป็น้ำแข็ง  เมืองหลวงแตกแล้ว

ศัตรูกำลังรุกไล่เข้ามากองหิมะเปื้อนไปด้วยเลือด

ณ.ขณะหนึ่งเมื่อผลปรากฏว่าการปฏิวัติของพวกเราอยุ่ในจุดที่อาจจะพ่ายแพ้ที่

สุด,บิดาของชาติของพวกเรา ได้สั่งให้นำคำพูดเหล่านี้ไปอ่านให้ประชาชนฟัง:

“Let it be told to the future world…that in the depth of winter,

when nothing but hope and virtue could survive … that the city and the

country, alarmed at one common danger, cameforth to meet [it].”

“ให้มันได้บอกกับโลกในอนาคต…ว่าในช่วงที่หนาวเหน็บของฤดูหนาว,เมื่อมี

แต่ความหวังและคุณความดีเท่านั้นที่

สามารถอยู่รอดได้…ว่าเมืองนี้และประเทศนี้,ถูกปลุกขึ้นด้วยความอันตรายของ

ส่วนรวม,ออกมาเผชิญ(มันซะ)”

America. In the face of our common dangers, in this winter of our

hardship, let usremember these timeless words. With hope and virtue, let

us brave once more the icy currents, and endure what storms may come.

Let it be said by our children’s children that when we were tested we

refused to let this journey end, that we did not turn back nor did we

falter; and with eyes fixed on the horizon and God’s grace upon us, we

carried forth that great gift of freedom and delivered it safely to

future generations.

อเมริกา

ในการเผชิญหน้ากับอันตรายที่ร่วมกันของพวกเรา,ในฤดูหนาวแห่งความยากลำบากของ

พวกเรานี้,ขอให้พวกเราจดจำ คำพูดที่เป็นอมตะเหล่านี้

ด้วยความหวังและคุณงามความดี,ขอให้พวกเรากล้าหาญต่อกระแสแห่งความหนาวเหน็บ

อีกครั้งหนึ่ง,และอดทนต่อพายุใดๆที่อาจจะเกิดขึ้น

ขอให้ลูกหลานของลูกหลานของพวกเราได้กล่าวกันว่าเมื่อพวกเราถูกทดสอบพวกเราจะ

ปฏิเสธที่จะ

ปล่อยให้การเดินทางนี้จบสิ้นลง,ว่าพวกเราไม่หันหลังกลับ,หรือพวกเราไม่ลังเล

; และด้วยสายตาที่จดจ้องอยู่ที่ขอบฟ้า

ความเมตตาของพระเจ้าที่มีต่อพวกเรา,พวกเรานำพาของกำนัลอันยิ่งใหญ่ของ

เสรีภาพออกไปและส่งมอบให้กับคนรุ่นต่อไปอย่างปลอดภัย

Thank you. God bless you. And God bless the United States of America.

ขอบคุณครับ  ขอพระเจ้าได้โปรดประทานพรให้ท่าน

และขอพระเจ้าได้โปรดประทานพรให้สหรัฐอเมริกา

Posted in >4 Great Speeches For Better Speaking | Leave a comment

English By Musics

> เรียนอังกฤษจากเพลง กับ อ.นิรุธ

> BBCThai.com วลีละเพลง (A Phrase a Song)

บทเรียนภาษาอังกฤษจากบีบีซีชุดนี้เลือกเพลงเพราะๆมา เปิดให้คุณผู้ฟังได้เพลิดเพลิน พร้อมกับเสนอความหมายและการใช้สำนวนที่น่าสนใจจากเพลงเหล่านั้น

> Songs – Learn English from song lyrics

>For Music Lovers

> Siam Zone : เพลง : เนื้อเพลง Without You – Mariah Carey

> เรียนภาษาอังกฤษผ่านเพลง โดย.. Andrew Biggs :: When You’re Gone :

> educatepark.com

=============================================

( CHORUS )

We are the world, we are the children

We are the ones who make a brighter day so let’s start giving (Michael Jackson)

There’s a choice we’re making we’re saving our own lives (Diana Ross)

It’s true we’ll make a better day just you and me (Michael Jackson/Diana Ross)

Well, send’em you your heart so they know that someone cares (Dionne Warwick)

And their lives will be stronger and free (Dionne Warwick/Willie Nelson)

As God has shown us by turning stone to bread (Willie Nelson)

And so we all must lend a helping hand (Al Jurreau)

( REPEAT CHORUS )

We are the world, we are the children (Bruce Springsteen)

We are the ones who make a brighter day so let’s start giving (Kenny Loggins)

There’s a choice we’re making we’re saving our own lives (Steve Perry from Journey)

It’s true we’ll make a better day just you and me (Daryl Hall)

When you’re down and out there seems no hope at all (Michael Jackson)

But if you just believe there’s no way we can fall (Huey from Huey Lewis and the News)

Well, well, well, let’s realize that a change can only come (Cyndi Lauper)

When we (Kim Carnes)

stand together as one (Kim Carnes/Cyndi Lauper/Huey Lewis)

(REPEAT CHORUS AND FADE )

============================================

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English by Movies

การฝึกภาษาอังกฤษจากภาพยนต์ แตกต่างจากการดูหนังฝรั่ง ตรงที่การดูหนังเราได้ความบันเทิงแต่ไม่ได้เรียนภาษาเพราะภาษาพุดจะเร็วมาก จนไม่สามารถจับใจความได้เลย แม้จะดู Subtitle ก็เรียนได้ผลน้อยมาก

แต่การฝึกเรียนภาษาจากหนังฝรั่ง ต้องเลือกหนังที่มีคนนำบทพูดมาอธิบาย(ค้นได้จากกูเกิล) ควรเลือกดูหนัง(เพื่อเรียนภาษา)เพียงตอนสั้นๆที่สนุกสนานและดูซ้ำๆจนจับคำ พูดได้

วิธีเรียนภาษาจากการดูหนังฝรั่ง

1 ดูครั้งแรก  มี Subtitles ไทย เพื่อให้เข้าใจเรื่องทั้งหมด

2 ดูครั้งที่ 2  เปิด ฉพาะ English Subtitles

3 เลือกดูซ้ำๆ หลายๆครั้ง ตอนสั้นๆที่เป็นบทเรียน ซึ่งมีคำอธิบายประกอบ ตัวอย่างที่ดี ดูได้ จาก Live ABC

Every scene of the movie has a lesson set that includes: Text of the script, a Vocabulary Lesson, 2 or more Mini-Story Lessons (including some Point of View Lessons), and Audio from the scene. Some scenes also have Commentaries.

By using all the lessons, you understand all of an American movie. Also, you learn a lot of slang & idioms from the movie– the kind used everyday by Americans. But you don’t have to wait for our lessons. You can use this same method yourself, with any movie. Movies are a great way to learn– but you must use them correctly.

Most English students don’t use movies correctly. They rent a lot of American movies, watch them, return them, and then rent more. They may understand the basic story of each movie, but they don’t improve their English.

Here’s a better method for learning with movies:

1. Rent or buy ONE movie

2. Watch all of it, with subtitles in your own language

3. Next, watch only one scene of the movie (a scene is usually 2-4 minutes long). Use ENGLISH subtitles.

4. Rewind. Watch the same scene again. This time, pause for every sentence. Write down phrases/words you don’t understand.

5. Use your dictionary to learn these new words. Search the internet for strange phrases (probably slang or idioms).

6. Watch the scene again at normal speed– 2-3 times. Turn the subtitles OFF. Try to hear and understand the new phrases.

7. Watch the scene again– 2-3 times. Pause after every sentence, then say the sentence yourself. Don’t just “say” it. Copy the actor! Try to sound and move exactly like them. Copy their emotion. Copy their face movements. Copy their voice. This will improve your pronunciation.

Using this method, you can probably learn 1-3 scenes per week. Don’t go too fast. Learn deeply. Repeat steps 3-7 everyday. If a scene is difficult, you can do this again and again for several days. Its important to learn every scene very deeply.

It may feel slow, but when you finally finish a whole movie, your English is fantastically better! Use this method, it is very powerful

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Suggested Links for Learn English from Movies:

> เรียนอังกฤษจากหนังรางวัล โดย คนเมืองแปล

> เรียนอังกฤษจากหนัง จาก รายการภาษาหนัง @ www.nangdee.com

> Learning English Through Movies @ Lingual.net

> http://www.kinglishschool.com Learn english from the movies

Yet, you can see some friends, who watch thousand of hollywood movie, do not speak any words!! Right, the thing is you don’t just watch it but you have to watch by learning purpose to create more useful entertainment.

The steps may annoy your emotion but if you want to learn English you better follow below steps. Otherwise, you may lost your time and effort without nothing. There are three easy steps to follow

1. Buy soundtrack movie (of course!) and watch it with the subtitle on at the first time. Your eyes and ears should work equally at this stage. Try to understand the theme and the main idea of the movie.

2. Watch it again, still with subtitle on, but now try to minimize the use of your eyes on the subtitle. Listen as much as possible and look at the subtitle only when you really do not understand. Skip all small detail at the first time and slowly increase the amount of learning by decreasing the number of time you stop the movie.

3. Watch it without subtitle. It sounds tough but believe me, after enough practice at the first two steps, you will find it easier to watch the movie in pure English.

You may need to spend sometime to pass the first two steps. Do not reach the last step to early because it can greatly discourage you. However, if you reach it when you are ready you may never imagined that english is such a piece of cake for you.

Source : Effortless English by AJ Hoge

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West Side Story

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Cats the Musical

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The Sound of Music

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Posted in >1 English by Movies | Tagged | 2 Comments